Congalton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the Congalton surname lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. The name comes from when they lived in the town and civil parish of Congleton in the county of Cheshire. The surname Congalton belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.

Early Origins of the Congalton family

The surname Congalton was first found in Cheshire where Congleton dates back to before the Domesday Book where it was listed as Cogeltone, land held by Bigod. At that time,there was land enough for four ploughs, and was worth four shillings. [1]

By the 13th century, the place was often spelt Congulton and is probably derived from the Old English words cung + hyll + tun, which literally meant "farmstead at the round-topped hill." [2] Baron Congleton, of Congleton in the County Palatine of Chester, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom created for Sir Henry Parnell, 4th Baronet but bears no relationship to the surname's origin other than both share the same ancestral home. Today Congleton has a population of over 25,000.

Alternatively, the name could have originated in "the old barony of Congalton, in the parish of Dirleton, East Lothian, Scotland. The family, however, may have come from Congilton in Cheshire and given that name to their new possession." [3]

Some of the first records of the family were found here, specifically Robert de Congaltoun, who witnessed a charter of Richard de Morville, Constable of Scotland, circa 1162. Later, Walter de Congilton witnessed an agreement between the Abbey of Neubotel and John de Morham c. 1214 and also witnessed a charter of Dryburgh Abbey, c. 1224. Wautier de Congeltone and Mabille de Cungiltone, both of the county of Edneburke, rendered homage to King Edward I in 1296. [3]

Early History of the Congalton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Congalton research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1477, 1430, 1424, 1506 and 1548 are included under the topic Early Congalton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Congalton Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Congalton include Congleton, Congalton, Congilton and others.

Early Notables of the Congalton family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Congalton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Congalton family

A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants: James Congleton who settled in St. Christopher in 1716.


Contemporary Notables of the name Congalton (post 1700) +

  • Charles Congalton, Scottish esquire from Congleton, Midlothian; his son Gilbert Congalton of Balfour inherited his estates and passed them down to Charles Ramsay Drinkwater Bethune (1802-1884), through Eleanor Congalton, his wife
  • Samuel Congalton (1796-1850), Scottish sailor from Leith who during his 29 year tenure with the East India Company he did much to combat piracy in the waters of the Straits Settlements
  • Andrew Congalton (1749-1823), British Captain in the Royal Navy, son of Charles Congalton
  • Charles Congalton (1736-1768), British Captain in the Royal Navy
  • James A. "Jimmy" Congalton (1879-1947), Canadian two-time gold medalist curler from Guelph, Ontario, inducted to the Canadian Curling Hall of Fame in 1975
  • William Congalton, Educational Administrator, Louisiana
  • William Millar "Bunk" Congalton (1875-1937), Canadian Major League Baseball right fielder


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)


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