already had an established system of hereditary surnames
, the Strongbownians brought many of their own naming traditions to the island. There were, however, similarities between the two systems. The Strongbownians, like the Irish, frequently used patronymic
surnames, a form of surname that was built from the name of the initial bearer's father, or another older relative. Norman patronymic names, because they were originally formed in French, were often created by the addition of a diminutive suffix to the given name, such as -ot, -et, -un, -in, or -el. Occasionally, two suffixes were combined to form a double diminutive, as in the combinations of -el-in, -el-ot, -in-ot, and -et-in. These Stronbownians also created patronymic names by the prefix Fitz-, which was derived from the French word fils, and ultimately from the Latin filius
, which both mean son. This prefix probably originated in Flanders
, it has disappeared from France entirely but remains common in Ireland
even today. The Strongbownian surname of Coiter is derived from the popular Norse personal name
Oitir. The Gaelic forms of the surname Coiter are Mac Coitir and Mac Oitir.
Early Origins of the Coiter family
The surname Coiter was first found in Oxfordshire
, where they held a family seat
from ancient times.
Early History of the Coiter family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Coiter research.Another 335 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1273, 1720, 1763, 1884, 1630, 1705, 1689, 1720, 1754 and 1831 are included under the topic Early Coiter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Coiter Spelling Variations
During the lifetime of an individual person, his name was often spelt by church officials and medieval scribes the way it sounded. An examination of the many different origins of each name has revealed many spelling variations
for the name: Cotter, Cotters, Cottar, Cottare, Cotteres, Cottares, Coitter and many more.
Early Notables of the Coiter family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was Sir James Fitz Edmond Cotter (c.1630-1705) Irish soldier, colonial governor and the commander-in-chief of King James's forces, in the Irish Counties of Cork, Limerick
and Kerry... Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Coiter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Coiter family to the New World and Oceana
Ireland's Great Potato Famine
left the country's inhabitants in extreme poverty and starvation. Many families left their homeland for North America for the promise of work, freedom and land ownership. Although the Irish were not free of economic and racial discrimination in North America, they did contribute greatly to the rapid development of bridges, canals, roads, and railways. Eventually, they would be accepted in other areas such as commerce, education, and the arts. An examination of immigration and passenger lists revealed many bearing the name Coiter: James Cotter who settled in Bay De Verde, Newfoundland, in 1783; John Cotter settled in Boston in 1764 with his wife Elizabeth; Edward Cotter settled in New York, with his wife and four children in 1823.