already had an established system of hereditary surnames
, the Strongbownians brought many of their own naming traditions to the island. There were, however, similarities between the two systems. The Strongbownians, like the Irish, frequently used patronymic
surnames, a form of surname that was built from the name of the initial bearer's father, or another older relative. Norman patronymic names, because they were originally formed in French, were often created by the addition of a diminutive suffix to the given name, such as -ot, -et, -un, -in, or -el. Occasionally, two suffixes were combined to form a double diminutive, as in the combinations of -el-in, -el-ot, -in-ot, and -et-in. These Stronbownians also created patronymic names by the prefix Fitz-, which was derived from the French word fils, and ultimately from the Latin filius
, which both mean son. This prefix probably originated in Flanders
, it has disappeared from France entirely but remains common in Ireland
even today. The Strongbownian surname of Codyr is derived from the popular Norse personal name
Oitir. The Gaelic forms of the surname Codyr are Mac Coitir and Mac Oitir.
Early Origins of the Codyr family
The surname Codyr was first found in Oxfordshire
, where they held a family seat
from ancient times.
Early History of the Codyr family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Codyr research.Another 335 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1273, 1720, 1763, 1884, 1630, 1705, 1689, 1720, 1754 and 1831 are included under the topic Early Codyr History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Codyr Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes often spelled early surnames as they sounded. This practice often resulted in many spelling variations
of even a single name. Early versions of the name Codyr included: Cotter, Cotters, Cottar, Cottare, Cotteres, Cottares, Coitter and many more.
Early Notables of the Codyr family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family up to this time was Sir James Fitz Edmond Cotter (c.1630-1705) Irish soldier, colonial governor and the commander-in-chief of King James's forces, in the Irish Counties of Cork, Limerick
and Kerry... Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Codyr Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Codyr family to the New World and Oceana
In the mid-19th century, Ireland
experienced one of the worst periods in its entire history. During this decade in order to ease the pressure of the soil, which was actually depleted by the effects of the previous years' grain crops, landowners forced tenant
farmers and peasants onto tiny plots of land that barely provided the basic sustenance a family required. Conditions were worsened, though, by the population of the country, which was growing fast to roughly eight million. So when the Great Potato Famine
of the mid-1840s hit, starvation and diseases decimated the population. Thousands of Irish families
left the country for British North America and the United States. The new immigrants were often accommodated either in the opening western frontiers or as cheap unskilled labor in the established centers. In early passenger and immigration lists there are many immigrants bearing the name Codyr: James Cotter who settled in Bay De Verde, Newfoundland, in 1783; John Cotter settled in Boston in 1764 with his wife Elizabeth; Edward Cotter settled in New York, with his wife and four children in 1823.