Claxton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Claxton is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon origin and comes from the family once having lived in Claxton, a small village in the county of Durham. It is generally believed that a branch of the Norman family of Heriz, settled here and assumed the local name. The surname is derived from the Old English word clacs-tun which literally means those who lived near the clayey soil.

Early Origins of the Claxton family

The surname Claxton was first found in Durham where it is believed the first reference of the name was found. There are three other listings of the place name in the Domesday Book: Claxton, or Long Clawson (Clachestone) in Leicestershire, Claxton (Clakestona, Clarestona) in Norfolk, and Claxton (Claxtorp) in North Yorkshire. [1] In Norfolk, Claxton Castle was built in 1333 in the village of Claxton, but it was largely demolished in the 17th century to build Claxton Hall. Today, Claxton is also a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England.

Important Dates for the Claxton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Claxton research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Claxton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Claxton Spelling Variations

Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Claxton family name include Claxton, Claxon, Klaxon, Klaxton and others.

Early Notables of the Claxton family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Claxton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Claxton migration to the United States

For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Claxton surname or a spelling variation of the name include:

Claxton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Abraham Claxton who settled in Bermuda in 1635
  • Edward Claxton, who landed in Maryland in 1639 [2]
  • Bryan Claxton, who arrived in Maryland in 1669 [2]
Claxton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Richard Claxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1704 [2]
  • John and Sarah Claxton, who settled in Maryland in 1739
  • John Claxton, who arrived in Maryland in 1740 [2]
  • George Claxton, who settled in New England in 1767
Claxton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Claxton, who landed in New York in 1845 [2]

Claxton migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Claxton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Robert Claxton, aged 20, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Trafalgar" [3]

Claxton migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Claxton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Nathaniel Claxton, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Harwood" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 4th November 1858 [4]
  • Miss Claxton, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Warrior Queen" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 1st January 1874 [5]
  • William Claxton, aged 38, a tailor, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
  • Hannah Claxton, aged 36, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
  • Rebecca Claxton, aged 8, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Claxton (post 1700)

  • Francis S. Claxton, American politician, U.S. Consul in Moscow, 1857-61 [6]
  • E. C. Claxton, American Democrat politician, Chair of Wright County Democratic Party, 1939 [6]
  • B. A. Claxton, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Missouri State House of Representatives from Wright County, 1936 [6]
  • William Claxton (1927-2008), American photographer
  • Thomas Claxton (1790-1813), American officer in the United States Navy during the War of 1812, eponym USS Claxton (DD-140) and USS Claxton (DD-571)
  • Craig "Speedy" Claxton (b. 1978), American basketball player
  • Rozelle Claxton (1913-1995), American jazz pianist
  • Philander Claxton (1862-1957), American educator, United States Commissioner of Education
  • Kate Claxton (1848-1924), born Kate Elizabeth Cone, American actress
  • Jimmy Claxton (1892-1970), Canadian Afro-American baseball pitcher
  • ... (Another 8 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Citations

  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) TRAFALGAR 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Trafalgar-March.htm
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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