The name Churk is of Anglo-Saxon
origin and came from when the family lived near a church. The surname Churk is derived from the old English word cyrice,
which is itself derived from the Late Greek word kyrikon,
which means house of the Lord.
Churk therefore belongs to the class of topographic
surnames, which were given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. The Aglish surname is only found in Ireland
where it is one of the few times an English name has been translated into Irish (eaglais, pronounced aglish, Gaelic for a church)
Early Origins of the Churk family
The surname Churk was first found in principally in Somerset
but also many counties of England
. One of the first records of the name was Thomas Attechurche who was listed in the Subsidy Rolls
of Worcester in 1296. The "atte" prefix was quite popular for this surname at that time. Henry atte
Churche was listed in the Subsidy Rolls
in 1368. Henry of the Chirche was listed in 1368. In Norfolk
, records there show John Atte-cherch was rector of Metton in 1338.
Early History of the Churk family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Churk research.Another 243 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1338, 1388, 1639, 1718, 1676, and 1903 are included under the topic Early Churk History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Churk Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon
surnames like Churk are characterized by many spelling variations
. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Churk include: Church, Churche, Churchey, Aglish (Ireland) and others.
Early Notables of the Churk family (pre 1700)
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Churk Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Churk family to Ireland
Some of the Churk family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 267 words (19 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Churk family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Churk or a variant listed above: Richard Church who settled in Plymouth in the year 1630; who arrived in the fleet with Winthrop in 1630. He was admitted as a freeman of the Colony in 1633. He built the first Church of Dover in 1662. He was taken by Indians, escaped and was finally killed twenty years later by Indians in his own home. Richard Church settled in Virginia in 1630.
The Churk Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: Virtue