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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016


Churchill is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Churchill family lived in Somerset in the town of Curcelle. The name Curcelle is of Norman origin, but once in England became confused with name Churchill, which derives from the Old English cyrice, which means church, and hyll, which means hill. The histories of the two names are now inextricably linked.

Churchill Early Origins



The surname Churchill was first found in Somerset where one of the first records of the name was Richard de Churchulle who was listed there in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. During King Edward III's reign (1327-1377), Nicolas de Churchhull was also listed as holding lands there. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)

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Churchill Spelling Variations


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Churchill Spelling Variations



Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Churchill, Churchell and others.

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Churchill Early History


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Churchill Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Churchill research. Another 219 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1086, 1620, 1688, 1622, 1682, 1661, 1679, 1656, 1714, 1650, 1722, 1686 and 1703 are included under the topic Early Churchill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Churchill Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Churchill Early Notables (pre 1700)



Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Winston Churchill FRS (1620-1688), known as the Cavalier Colonel, an English soldier, historian, and politician, ancestor of his 20th-century namesake, Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill; John Churchill (1622-1682), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Dorchester...

Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Churchill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlanti c. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Churchill or a variant listed above:

Churchill Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Josiah Churchill, who arrived in Connecticut in 1635
  • Josiah Churchill settled in Wethersfield Connecticut in 1638
  • John Churchill, who landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1643
  • Samuel Churchill settled in New England in 1654
  • Roger Churchill settled in Virginia in 1663
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Churchill Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Sarah Churchill arrived in Boston Massachusetts with two children in 1765
  • John Churchill arrived in New England in 1767

Churchill Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Otis Churchill, who landed in New York in 1841
  • Mrs. J Churchill, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • J S Churchill, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • G Churchill, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • Dr. Churchill, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Churchill Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Joseph Churchill, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749-1752

Churchill Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Carmel Churchill, who arrived in Canada in 1828
  • Cyrus Churchill, who arrived in Canada in 1828
  • James H Churchill, who arrived in Canada in 1839

Churchill Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Edward Churchill, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  • Joseph Churchill, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  • William Churchill arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Poictiers" in 1848
  • Sarah Churchill, aged 20, a servant, arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Hooghly"

Churchill Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Churchill landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840

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Contemporary Notables of the name Churchill (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Churchill (post 1700)



  • Thomas James Churchill (1824-1905), American Confederate major general during the American Civil War and the 13th Governor of the state of Arkansas (1881-1883)
  • Ward LeRoy Churchill (b. 1947), American author and political activist
  • Fay E. Churchill, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1944
  • E. W. Churchill, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1916
  • Cynthia M. Churchill, American Democrat politician, Candidate in primary for Michigan State Senate 18th District, 1974
  • Clark Churchill, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Arizona Territory, 1884
  • Charles Churchill, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois, 1880
  • C. C. Churchill, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Washington, 1928
  • Alonzo Churchill, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Otsego County 2nd District, 1855
  • Alfred Churchill, American politician, Delegate to Illinois State Constitutional Convention from Kane County, 1847
  • ... (Another 40 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Churchill Historic Events


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Churchill Historic Events




Halifax Explosion

  • Mrs. Isabella  Churchill (1853-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
  • Mrs. Eugene York  Churchill (1891-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Ronald J Churchill (b. 1923), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Salisbury, Kent, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fiel pero disdichado
Motto Translation: Faithful though unfortunate.


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Churchill Family Crest Products


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Churchill Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834

Other References

  1. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  2. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  3. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  4. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  5. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  6. Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
  7. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  8. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  9. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  10. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  11. ...

The Churchill Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Churchill Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 28 November 2016 at 19:58.

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