Choat History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Choat family had a variety of origins as variations of the name had several meanings in ancient England. The name could have meant "dweller at a Shoot or Shut, i.e. a narrow lane or avenue" from the Old English words "shoot" or "shut" or it could have been a name for an "archer" from the Old English word "scytta" and finally, it could have been a nickname for someone who was "quick" or "ready" from the Old English word "sceot." [1]

But the more likely origin of the name was as a local name from either Devon or Wiltshire.

Early Origins of the Choat family

The surname Choat was first found in Wiltshire at Chute, a civil parish that includes the village of Upper Chute and the smaller settlements of Lower Chute, Chute Standen, Chute Cadley and Chute Forest.

Alternatively the name could have originated from Shute, a parish, in the union of Axminster, hundred of Colyton in Devon. This place name dates back to c. 1200 when it was listed as Schieta and literally meant "the corner or angle of land." [2] The Old Shute House located nearby is now an impressive edifice that dates back to a simple building built in 1380. It is currently held by the National Trust. "The Shutes of Gillingham bear the name of an old Devonshire family and of a Devonshire parish." [3]

To confuse matters more, another source claims the family came from "the castle of Shute, in Normandy, France." [4]

Somerset was a stronghold of the family in early years as Kirby's Quest listed: Robert atte Shoete; Simon atte Sheote; William atte Shote; and Walter atte Shotte, Somerset as all residing there "1 Edward III," or in other words "during the first year's reign of King Edward III." [5]

Early History of the Choat family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Choat research. Another 178 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1500, 1268, 1621, 1610, 1764, 1506, 1567, 1542, 1545, 1584, 1590, 1595, 1563, 1588, 1643, 1659, 1654, 1659, 1632, 1666, 1659, 1661, 1662, 1742, 1665, 1722, 1696 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Choat History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Choat Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Shute, Chute, Chewte, Shutes and others.

Early Notables of the Choat family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Philip Chute or Chowte (c. 1506-1567), of Horne Place, Appledore, Kent, an English politician, Member of Parliament for Winchelsea 1542 and 1545; Sir Robert Chute, Justice of the Queen's Bench, 1584; Anthony Chute ( fl. 1590s; died 1595), an Elizabethan poet and pamphleteer; John Shute (d. 1563), an English artist and architect; Josias Shute (also Josiah) (1588-1643), an English churchman, rector of St Mary Woolnoth in London, Archdeacon of Colchester, and...
Another 76 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Choat Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Choat family to Ireland

Some of the Choat family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 43 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Australia Choat migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Choat Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • David Choat, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • John Choat, English convict from Essex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]
  • Mr. Charles Choat who was convicted in Kent, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Bengal Merchant" on 4th August 1836, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • Henry Choat, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846 [9]
  • Joseph Choat, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Canton" in 1846 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Choat migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Choat Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Choat, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1863
  • Alice Choat, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1863
  • Sarah Choat, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1863
  • Catherine Choat, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1863
  • Alfred J. Choat, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1863
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


The Choat Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fortune de guerre
Motto Translation: The fortune of war.


  1. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  4. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  5. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1834 with 230 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1834
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/bengal-merchant
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CANTON 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Canton.htm


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