In ancient Anglo-Saxon England
, the ancestors of the Chinnicks surname lived in an area that was defined by seven oak trees.
Chinnicks is a topographic
surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. During the Middle Ages, as society became more complex, individuals needed a way to be distinguishable from others. Toponymic surnames were developed as a result of this need. Various features in the landscape or area were used to distinguish people from one another. In this case the original bearers of the surname Chinnicks were named due to their close proximity to the seven oakes.
Early Origins of the Chinnicks family
The surname Chinnicks was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
at Seven-oaks, a market-town and parish, and the head of a union, in the hundred
of Codsheath. "This place, which in the Textus Roffensis is written Seovan Acca, is supposed to have derived its name from seven large oaks that stood upon the eminence on which the town is built. The free grammar school was founded and endowed in 1432, by Sir William Sevenoake, usually written Sennocke, who, being deserted by his parents, was brought up by some charitable persons, and apprenticed to a grocer in London, from which station he rose to be lord mayor of that city, and its representative in parliament, leaving a portion of his wealth to found this school and an hospital for decayed elderly tradespeople. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
The variant Sinnock was "a corruption of Sevenoaks. " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Early History of the Chinnicks family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chinnicks research.Another 283 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1418, 1765 and 1677 are included under the topic Early Chinnicks History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chinnicks Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon
surnames like Chinnicks are characterized by many spelling variations
. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Chinnicks include: Snook, Snooks, Snukes, Sevenoak, Sevenoaks, Sevenoke, Sevenokes, Sinnox, Sinnocks, Sennocke, Sennox, Sevenocke, Sevenockes, Snooke, Snouk, Snouks, Sinnicks, Shinnicks, Shinnocks, Chennix and many more.
Early Notables of the Chinnicks family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Chinnicks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chinnicks family to Ireland
Some of the Chinnicks family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chinnicks family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Chinnicks or a variant listed above: George Snouks who settled in Barbados in 1680 with his servants; James Snooke settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1630; David Snook, his wife and son Joe settled in Georgia in 1733.