Of all the Anglo-Saxon
names to come from Britain, Chetwod is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in or near the settlement of Chetwood in the county of Buckinghamshire
. The Chetwod family is said to have resided there for at least 26 generations. The surname Chetwod belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Chetwod family
The surname Chetwod was first found in Buckinghamshire
where they descend from Robert de Thain, who held Chetwode under the Bishop of Baieux in the time of William the Conqueror. John de Chetwode during the reign of Edward III married the heiress of Oakley, of Oakley of Staffordshire
. "This manor of Chetwode, as appears to me, has been in the possession and inheritance of the Chetwodes longer than any estate or manor in this county of Buckingham has continued the property of any other family now there existing." CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
"Sir John Chetwode, Bart., is lord of the manor, and principal landed proprietor [of Lower Whitley, Cheshire]." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Chetwod family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chetwod research.Another 183 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 179 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Chetwod History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chetwod Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred
years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations
in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Chetwod has been spelled many different ways, including Chetwode, Chetwood, Chetwoode, Chitwood, Chitwode and others.
Early Notables of the Chetwod family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Chetwod Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chetwod family to Ireland
Some of the Chetwod family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 77 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chetwod family to the New World and Oceana
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Chetwods to arrive in North America: Marie Chittwood who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1635; John Chitwood settled in Barbados in 1694; William Chitwood settled in Virginia in 1636.
The Chetwod Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Corona mea Christus
Motto Translation: Christ is my crown.