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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, French


Chaumont Early Origins



The surname Chaumont was first found in Yorkshire in the West Riding where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Colton, held by Ilbert de Lacy, a Norman noble who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. These lands were later acquired by William de Chaumont of Orne, son-in-law of the French King Louis le Gros.

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Chaumont Spelling Variations


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Chaumont Spelling Variations



Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Chaumont, Chaumond, Caumont, Caumond and others.

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Chaumont Early History


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Chaumont Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chaumont research. Another 231 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600 and 1200 are included under the topic Early Chaumont History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Chaumont Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Chaumont Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Chaumont Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Chaumont or a variant listed above:

Chaumont Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Anselme Chaumont, who arrived in Louisiana in 1718
  • Pierre Chaumont, who was one of the "Louisiana recruits" (French Navy) in 1756

Chaumont Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • D. Chaumont, who arrived at the port of Philadelphia in 1819
  • James LeRay De Chaumont who arrived in New York in 1833
  • James LeRay De Chaumont, who arrived in New York in 1833
  • J. B. Chaumont, who arrived in San Francisco by ship in 1852

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Contemporary Notables of the name Chaumont (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Chaumont (post 1700)



  • Marie Josť Chaumont, French Lawyer

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Chaumont Family Crest Products


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Chaumont Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  2. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  3. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  4. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  6. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  7. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  8. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  9. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  10. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  11. ...

The Chaumont Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Chaumont Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 December 2014 at 15:25.

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