Chard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Early Origins of the Chard family

The surname Chard was first found in Somerset at Chard, a borough, market-town, and parish, and the head of a union, in the hundred of Kingsbury-East. "This was a place of considerable importance during the heptarchy, and was by the Saxons called Cerdre (subsequently Cherde or Cerde), a name supposed to be derived from Cerdic, the founder of the kingdom of Wessex. In the 14th of Edward I. it was incorporated by Bishop Joslin, who set apart fifty-two acres out of his manor of Cherde" [1] Another reference claims the Saxons called the place Cerdren [2] in 1065 but was listed three years later in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Cerdre. [3] Literally the place name possibly meant "house or building in rough ground," from the Old English words "ceart" + "aern." [2]

Important Dates for the Chard family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chard research. Another 52 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chard Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Chard include Chard, Charde, Chards and others.

Early Notables of the Chard family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Chard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chard migration to the United States

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Chard or a variant listed above:

Chard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Josuah Chard, who landed in Virginia in 1607 [4]
  • Anne Chard who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Joshua Chard, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Ann Chard, who arrived in Virginia in 1623 [4]
  • John Chard who settled in Barbados in 1634
Chard Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Pierre chard, aged 30, who landed in Louisiana in 1719 [4]
  • John Chard, who arrived in America in 1765 [4]
  • Rachel and George Chard, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1773
  • Rachel Chard, aged 10, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1773 [4]
  • Pierre Chard, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1799 [4]
Chard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Edward Chard, aged 26, who landed in New York in 1812 [4]
  • William Chard, who arrived in New York in 1822 [4]
  • William, Chard Jr., who landed in New York in 1822 [4]

Chard migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Chard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Chard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Bedford" in 1848 [5]
  • George Chard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Asiatic" in 1849 [6]
  • Elizabeth Chard, aged 19, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "South Sea"
  • William Chard, aged 23, a farm labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Tantivy"

Chard migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Chard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Matilda Chard, (b. 1848), aged 26, Cornish settler departing on 22nd May 1874 aboard the ship "St Lawrence" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th August 1874 [7]
  • Mr. William Chard, (b. 1849), aged 25, Cornish miner departing on 22nd May 1874 aboard the ship "St Lawrence" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th August 1874 [7]
  • Mr. Charles Chard, (b. 1855), aged 19, Cornish labourer departing on 2nd May 1874 aboard the ship "Miltiades" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 23rd July 1874 [8]

Contemporary Notables of the name Chard (post 1700)

  • Lawrence Chard, American coin & bullion dealer
  • Danny Chard (b. 1980), English right-handed batsman cricketer
  • Herbert William Chard (1869-1932), English cricketer
  • Phil Chard (b. 1960), English former footballer and manager
  • Thomas S Chard, English poet
  • William George Chard (1812-1877), California pioneer, born in New York, he was granted the Rancho Las Flores Mexican land grant in 1844
  • Geoffrey Chard AM (b. 1930), Australian opera singer
  • John Rouse Merriott Chard (1847-1897), British commander and Victoria Cross recipient, eponym of the John Chard Decoration and the John Chard Medal
  • Sylvia C Chard, Professor Emeritus in the department of Elementary Education at the University of Alberta

Historic Events for the Chard family

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Cyril James Chard, British Ordnance Artificer 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [9]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Alewyn Mansel Chard, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [10]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) DUKE OF BEDFORD 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848DukeofBedford.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The ASIATIC 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Asiatic.htm
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  8. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Auckland 1872-80 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  9. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  10. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
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