Chambers History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

During that dark period of history known as the Middle Ages, the name of Chambers was first used in France. Many names with Old French origins arrived in Scotland and England in the 11th century with the Norman Conquest. While the patronymic and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the name of the father and mother respectively, are the most common form of a hereditary surname in France, occupational surnames also emerged during the late Middle Ages. Many people, such as the Chambers family, adopted the name of their occupation as their surname. However, an occupational name did not become a hereditary surname until the office or type of employment became hereditary. The surname Chambers was an occupational name for a servant in the bedroom of a nobleman. Further research revealed that the name is derived from the Old French word "chambre" which means room, and refers to someone of the title chamberlain, which later came to signify a more administrative office in noble households.

Early Origins of the Chambers family

The surname Chambers was first found in Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych), a historic county in Northeast Wales, created by the Laws in Wales Act 1536, where they held lands at Llewenne, granted to John de Chambre from the Earl of Lincoln, who was Constable of Chester. John was a "nobelle Normanne who entred Englaunde in ye traine of King Williaume."

One of the earliest records of the family was on the infamous side. John a Chamber or Chamberlayne (d. 1489), was an English rebel, "a knight of great influence in the north, excited the people to join the rebellion headed by Sir John Egremond in Northumberland and Durham against the heavy subsidy of 1489. Henry, Earl of Northumberland, who had orders to enforce the tax, endeavoured to persuade him to cease his agitation. Chamber would not hear him, and on 20 April the earl was slain by the rebels at Cock Lodge, near Thirsk. Then Thomas, Earl of Surrey, was sent to put down the insurrection. He took Chamber and utterly routed the rebels. Chamber was executed at York. " [1]

Important Dates for the Chambers family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chambers research. Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1465, 1472, 1491, 1726, 1796, 1775, 1645, 1703, 1691, 1694, 1696, 1702, 1664, 1546, 1604, 1546, 1592, 1609 and are included under the topic Early Chambers History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chambers Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Chambers, Chalmers, Chamer, Chalmairs, Challmers and others.

Early Notables of the Chambers family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family at this time was Alexander Chalmers (1645-1703) was a Scottish resident of the Polish city of Warsaw, he served as a judge in the city and was four times Mayor in...
Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chambers Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Chambers family to Ireland

Some of the Chambers family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 214 words (15 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chambers migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Chambers Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • James Chambers, who settled in Virginia in 1620
  • Thomas Chambers, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Alice Chambers who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Alice Chambers, who landed in Virginia in 1623 [2]
  • Robert Chambers, aged only 13 settled in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1635
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Chambers Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jane Chambers, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [2]
  • Joseph Chambers, who settled in Georgia in 1733
  • Patrick Chambers, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [2]
  • Lillias Chambers, who arrived in South Carolina in 1772 [2]
  • John Chambers, who settled in Maryland in 1775
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Chambers Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Edward Chambers, who settled in New York City in 1804
  • Edward Chambers, who landed in New York, NY in 1804 [2]
  • William Chambers, who landed in New York, NY in 1804 [2]
  • Win Chambers, who arrived in America in 1805 [2]
  • Isa Chambers, who arrived in America in 1805 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Chambers migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Chambers Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • John Chambers, who settled in Salvage, Newfoundland in 1676 [3]
Chambers Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Henry Chambers, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Charles Chambers, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • John Chambers, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • John Chambers, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • William Chambers, who settled in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1779 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Chambers Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Chambers, aged 19, who arrived in Canada in 1811
  • John Chambers, aged 19, who landed in Canada in 1811
  • James Chambers, who landed in Canada in 1816
  • Alexander Chambers was Justice of the Peace for southern Newfoundland in 1834 [3]
  • George Chambers, aged 17, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Protector" in 1834
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Chambers Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Mrs. Louie F. Chambers (Mrs), (b. 1878), aged 25, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Patricia" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 20th August 1903 en route to Hamilton, Ontario, Canada [4]
  • R T Chambers, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Chambers migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Chambers Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Hugh Chambers, a harness-maker, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Catherine Chambers, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837 [5]
  • Priscilla Chambers, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837 [5]
  • Benjamin Chambers, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837 [5]
  • Emily Chambers, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Chambers migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Chambers Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Mary Chambers, (b. 1826), aged 32, English settler from Hertfordshire travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st September 1858 [6]
  • Mr. Charles William Chambers, (b. 1828), aged 30, English carpenter from Hertfordshire travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st September 1858 [6]
  • Miss Jessie Mary Chambers, (b. 1857), aged 1, English settler from Hertfordshire travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st September 1858 [6]
  • Mr. James Chambers, (b. 1836), aged 22, Irish labourer from County Down travelling from London aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1859 [6]
  • William Chambers, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ida Zeigler" in 1863
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Chambers (post 1700)

  • Brigadier-General William Earl Chambers (1892-1952), American Chief of Operations Division, G-3 Section, US Army Forces Pacific (1945) [7]
  • Jay Vivian "Whittaker" Chambers (1901-1961), American writer, editor and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Paul Laurence Dunbar Chambers (1935-1969), American jazz bassist
  • Colonel Justice Marion Chambers (1908-1982), American Marine Corps officer awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1945
  • William Paris Chambers (1854-1913), American composer, cornet soloist, and bandmaster
  • Robert William Chambers (1865-1933), American artist and writer
  • Mr. John Murice Chambers B.E.M.,, British recipient of the British Empire Medal on 8th June 2018, for services to Equestrian Sport [8]
  • Mrs. Linda Chambers M.B.E., British Early Years Co-ordinator for Ballybeen Women’s Centre Pre-School, was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018, for services to Education [9]
  • Emma Gwynedd Mary Chambers (1964-2018), English actress, best known for her role as Alice Tinker in the BBC comedy The Vicar of Dibley and as Honey Thacker in the film Notting Hill (1999)
  • Gretta Chambers CC OQ (1927-2017), Canadian journalist and former Chancellor of McGill University (1991-1999)
  • ... (Another 6 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Chambers family

HMS Prince of Wales
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Guy Winstaney P. Chambers, American 2nd Class passenger from Boston, Massachusetts, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [11]
  • Mrs. Ethel Chambers, American 2nd Class passenger from Boston, Massachusetts, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [11]
RMS Titanic
  • Mrs. Bertha Chambers, (née Griggs), aged 32, American First Class passenger from New York City, New York who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 5 [12]
  • Mr. Norman Campbell Chambers, aged 27, American First Class passenger from New York City, New York who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 5 [12]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN RENWICK 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837JohnRenwick.htm
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) William Chambers. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Chambers/William_Earl/USA.html
  8. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62310, 31 October 2019 | London Gazette, The Gazette, June 2018, https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/62310/supplement/B1
  9. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  10. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  11. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  12. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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