Chadwick History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Chadwick is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest brought to England in 1066. The Chadwick family lived in the parish of Rochdale in Lancashire. They were granted the lands near Chadwick in this area by William the Conqueror shortly after the Norman Conquest in 1066. " Lancashire is the true home of the surname. This surname is to be met with in every town in Lancashire. It must have crossed the Atlantic at an early period, as it is strongly represented in the States directories." [1]

"The Chadwicks of Chadwick in Rochdale parish are a very old and distinguished family dating back from the present to the 14th century; the hamlet of Chadwick has been in their possession since the family was founded: Healey Hall has been for many centuries a seat of the family. [2]

Another source notes an alternate spelling of the hamlet: "Chadwyke, a hamlet in the parish of Rochdale, the property of the family in the XIV. cent." [3]

Early Origins of the Chadwick family

The surname Chadwick was first found in Staffordshire at Mavesyn Ridware, a small village and civil parish now in the in Lichfield District. The family claim descendancy from the Cawardens and ultimately the Malvesyns who came with the Conqueror. [4]

"The Chadwicks belong to one of the most ancient and eminent of Staffordshire families, known as the Chadwicks of Ridware in this county." [2] But the earliest record in rolls of the family lies in the aforementioned Lancashire where Nicholas de Chadwyke, was listed temp. Edward III (during the reign of King Edward III.) Later the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed Elena Chadwyk. [1]

Chadwick is also "a hamlet and manor, in the parish and union of Bromsgrove, Upper division of the hundred of Halfshire, Droitwich and E. divisions of the county of Worcester." [5] However, we can find no relationship with the locale and the surname.

Early History of the Chadwick family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chadwick research. Another 103 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1080 and 1335 are included under the topic Early Chadwick History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chadwick Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Chadwick are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Chadwick include Chadwick, Chadwicke, Chadwyck, Chaddick, Chadwich, Shadduck and many more.

Early Notables of the Chadwick family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Chadwick Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Chadwick family to Ireland

Some of the Chadwick family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Chadwick migration to the United States +

Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Chadwick, or a variant listed above:

Chadwick Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Charles Chadwick who settled in Salem Massachusetts in 1630
  • Charles Chadwick, who landed in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1631 [6]
  • John Chadwick, who landed in Virginia in 1657 [6]
Chadwick Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Elizabeth Chadwick, who settled in Potomac Maryland in 1728
Chadwick Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Chadwick, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1811 [6]
  • Thomas Chadwick, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1811 [6]
  • John Chadwick, who arrived in New York in 1819 [6]
  • Richard Chadwick, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1835 [6]
  • William Read Chadwick, aged 20, who landed in New York in 1849 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Chadwick migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Chadwick Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Henry Chadwick, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Joseph Chadwick, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
Chadwick Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Alice Chadwick, aged 31 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Champion" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle on 15th September 1847 [7]

Australia Chadwick migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Chadwick Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. William Chadwick, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
Chadwick Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Edward Chadwick, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Mr. Samuel Chadwick, English convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Baring" in December 1818, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Mr. William Chadwick, English convict who was convicted in Chester, Chestershire, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Asiatic" on 5th June 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • Mr. Samuel Chadwick, English convict who was convicted in Leeds, Yorkshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Augusta Jessie" on 10th August 1838, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [12]
  • Mr. Samuel Chadwick, English convict who was convicted in York, Yorkshire, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Blundell" on 13th March 1844, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Chadwick migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Chadwick Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • E Chadwick, who landed in Hokianga, New Zealand in 1839
  • John Chadwick, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
  • Mr. Arthur Chadwick, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 3rd November 1859 [14]
  • Mr. Hiram Chadwick, British settler travelling from Liverpool aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th October 1859 [14]
  • William Chadwick, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Gertrude" in 1863
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Chadwick (post 1700) +

  • David L. Chadwick (1926-2020), American clinical and research pediatrician, author, founder of the Chadwick Center for Children and Autism Discovery Institute in San Diego
  • George Whitefield Chadwick (1854-1931), American composer, he wrote the overture "Rip Van Winkle" while in Leipzig and Munich
  • Bill Chadwick (1915-2009), first American-born referee to serve in the National Hockey League
  • John Chadwick (1920-1998), English linguist and classical scholar
  • Alan Chadwick (1909-1980), English master gardener and leading innovator of organic farming techniques
  • Roy Chadwick CBE, FRAeS (1893-1947), English aeronautical engineer famous in particular for designing the Avro Lancaster bomber
  • Lynn Chadwick (1914-2003), English artist and sculptor
  • Sir Edwin Chadwick KCB (1801-1890), English social reformer
  • Sir James Chadwick CH, FRS (1891-1974), English physicist and Nobel laureate (1935)
  • Prof. Roland Andrew Chadwick M.B.E., British Individual Merit Research Scientist for British Geological Survey, was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018, for services to the Science of Carbon Capture and Sequestration [15]
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. John Arthur Chadwick, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [16]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Thomas Chadwick, British Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [17]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Thomas Chadwick (d. 1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Fleet Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [18]
  • John Cyril Chadwick (1901-1939), British Chief Engine Room Artificer 2nd Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [18]
RMS Lusitania
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Charles Bruce Chadwick, American Machinist's Mate Second Class from Mississippi, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Harold Chadwick, American Mess Attendant First Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [20]


The Chadwick Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: In candore decus
Motto Translation: There is honour in sincerity.


Suggested Readings for the name Chadwick +

  • 2008 "Genealogy of Chadwick, King, and Allied Families" by Darline Chadwick, "A Genealogy of the Chadick and Chaddick (Also the Chadwick Family) Family Lines of the United States" by William D. Chadick.

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  3. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 18)
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 29th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barwell
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/baring
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  12. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 23rd August 2020, Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/augusta-jessie)
  13. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/blundell
  14. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  15. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  16. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  17. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  18. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  19. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  20. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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