Origins Available: English
, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Cauld. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Cauld family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
were adopted in medieval England
is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Cauld is a local
type of surname and the Cauld family lived in Cornwall
. Their name, however, is derived from the Old English word coll,
which means hill,
and indicates that the original bearer lived near such a land form.
Early Origins of the Cauld family
The surname Cauld was first found in Cornwall
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Cauld family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cauld research.Another 207 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1622, 1681, 1656, 1663, 1627, 1697, 1616, 1697, 1659, 1660, 1590, 1680, 1633, 1713, 1634 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Cauld History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cauld Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Cole, Coles, Coal, Coale, Coalas and others.
Early Notables of the Cauld family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Richard Cole, Sheriff of Newcastle; Thomas Cole (1622-1681), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Hampshire
(1656), High Sheriff
in 1663; Thomas Cole (1627?-1697), an English independent minister; William Coles (1616-1697), an English lawyer and politician, Member of Parliament for Downton... Another 85 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cauld Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cauld family to Ireland
Some of the Cauld family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 83 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cauld family to the New World and Oceana
An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Cauld or a variant listed above: Robert Coles who settled in Warwick coming with Winthrop's Fleet to Ipwich Massachusetts in 1630.
The Cauld Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Deum Cole regem serva
Motto Translation: Worship God, obey the King.