Cartwright History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain were the first to use the name of Cartwright. The name had a practical origin since it came from when its initial bearer worked as a maker of carts, and wheels. The name has its origins in the Old English word craet, which means cart, and the Old English word wyrtha, which means wright or maker, thereby denoting one who was the maker of carts or wagons. [1]

The name could also have been "from Cauterêts; a location name in Normandy Cateray in Roll of Battell Abbey. De Ceterith, a tenant in chief in the Domesday Book. " [2]

Another source notes the family is "armorially identified with Cateryke, or Catherick (Robson). Catherick was part of the demesne of the Earls of Richmond, and the surname therefore probably arose from tenure of the office of Seneschal by a branch of a neighbouring family. The arms (a fesse) are those of the adjoining family of De Smythton or Eschalers, with three cinquefoils for difference, which were afterwards corrupted into ‘roses', 'Catherine wheels', and ‘fire-balls with rays.’ Of this family Ilbert de Catherege, or Catherage (a form of Catheric), occurs in Normandy, 1180-98 (Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae); which shows the Norman origin of the family. A branch long remained at Stanwick, in Richmondshire, close to Catterick. Another branch was seated in Notts, and one in Cambridge; and the name there changed from Cateryke to Cartwright." [3]

Early Origins of the Cartwright family

The surname Cartwright was first found in Yorkshire where early rolls listed the name as a profession and a surname. The Poll Tax of Howdenshire (East Riding of Yorkshire) listed Robert le Cartwright. B. Johannes Toppe, cartwryght. In the same year the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls listed: Magota Cartwryght; Henriciis Wryght, catrwryght (sic); Johannes Warde, cartwright; Johannes Percivale, cartwryght and Geoffrey Cartewirght. [4]

Early History of the Cartwright family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cartwright research. Another 119 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1755, 1535, 1603, 1602, 1658, 1634, 1676, 1659, 1634, 1689, 1686, 1661, 1661, 1611, 1643, 1611, 1686, 1635 and 1703 are included under the topic Early Cartwright History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cartwright Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Cartwright include Cartwright, Cartright, Cartwrite, Carthright, Kartwright, Kartright, Cartrite, Kartwrite, Chartwright, Cartrite, Catherick, Cartrait, Cartray, Ceterith, Cateray, Cautheret, Carterwright, Carterright, Carterrite, Chartright, Chartwright, Cardwright and many more.

Early Notables of the Cartwright family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Thomas Cartwright (1535-1603), described by Strype (Annals, ii. i. c. 1) as 'the head and most learned of that sect of dissenters then called Puritans,' was a native of Hertfordshire, but his place of birth is not recorded." [5] Christopher Cartwright (1602-1658), was an English divine, born in the parish of St. Michael-le-Belfry, York. He was a Hebraist and used targums in Biblical exegesis, following the lead of Henry Ainsworth with John Weemes. [5] William Cartwright (1634-1676), was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1659; Thomas Cartwright (1634-1689), was an...
Another 140 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cartwright Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Cartwright migration to the United States +

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Cartwright or a variant listed above:

Cartwright Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Cartwright, who settled in Virginia in 1624
  • Bethia Cartwright who settled in Salem Massachusetts in 1630
  • Edward Cartwright in Nantucket married and had Sampson in 1678, Susanna in 1681, Edward in 1683, and Mary in 1687
Cartwright Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Matthew Cartwright, who settled in Maryland in 1700

Canada Cartwright migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cartwright Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Richard Cartwright Sr., U.E. (b. 1720) born in London, England from Albany, New York, USA who settled in Kingston, Ontario c. 1783 he emigrated to America in 1742, married to Johanna Beasley in 1743 they had 1 child, he died in 1794 in Kingston, Ontario [6]
  • Secretary Richard Cartwright Jr., U.E. (b. 1759) born in Albany, New York, USA from Albany, New York, USA who settled in Kingston, Ontario c. 1783 he served in Butler's Rangers Regiment, died in 1812 [6]

Australia Cartwright migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cartwright Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. George Cartwright, English convict who was convicted in Warwickshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Baring" in December 1818, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • William Cartwright, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Emma" in 1837 [8]
  • Miss. Ann Cartwright, British Convict who was convicted in Birmingham, West Midlands, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 9th March 1847, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [9]
  • Joseph Cartwright, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bussorah Merchant" in 1848 [10]
  • Frances Cartwright, English convict from Hertfordshire, who was transported aboard the "Anna Maria" on October 4, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Cartwright migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cartwright Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Cartwright, (b. 1836), aged 26, British labourer from Lancashire, travelling from London aboard the ship "Mersey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 25th September 1862 [12]
  • Mr. Cartwright, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Hydaspes" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 28th October 1868 [12]
  • John H. Cartwright, aged 22, a smiths labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Salisbury" in 1874
  • Caroline Cartwright, aged 24, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Salisbury" in 1874
  • Mr. William Cartwright, (b. 1834), aged 40, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Halcione" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand in September 1875 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cartwright (post 1700) +

  • Nancy Cartwright (b. 1957), American Emmy Award winning actress and comedian, best known as the voice of Bart Simpson, Nelson Muntz, Ralph Wiggum, and Todd Flanders on The Simpsons
  • William T. "Bill" Cartwright (1920-2013), Emmy Award-winning American television and film director, producer and editor
  • Marc Cartwright (b. 1975), American celebrity portrait photographer
  • Bill Cartwright (b. 1957), former NBA basketball player
  • Angela Margaret Cartwright (b. 1952), American actress best known as a child actress for her role as Brigitta Von Trapp in the film The Sound of Music
  • Erik Cartwright (b. 1950), American rock guitarist
  • General James E. "Hoss" Cartwright (b. 1949), American eighth Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Veronica A. Cartwright (b. 1949), American (British born) actress
  • Arthur Cartwright (1909-1984), American Democrat politician, Member of Michigan State House of Representatives from Wayne County 2nd District, 1963-64; Defeated in primary, 1965; Member of Michigan State Senate 5th District, 1967-78; Defeated in primary, 1964; Resigned 1978. African Methodist Episcopal
  • Andrew Cartwright, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Utah, 1952
  • ... (Another 35 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Dennis Cartwright (b. 1966), American Private from Silsbee, Texas, USA who died in the crash [13]
HMAS Sydney II
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Thomas D Cartwright, English Captain serving for the Royal Marine from England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [15]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Cyril John Cartwright, English Leading Seaman from Plymouth, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, was lost in 1942 [16]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Wilfred Cartwright (1903-1939), British Engine Room Artificer 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [17]
  • Charles P. Cartwright, British Chief Engine Room Artificer with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [17]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Harry Cartwright, English 2nd Class Cabin Bed Steward from Birkenhead, Cheshire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [18]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. James Edward Cartwright (d. 1912), aged 32, English Saloon Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Minia [19]


Suggested Readings for the name Cartwright +

  • 1475 "Cartwright and Shipp Families of Lower Norfolk, Princess Anne and Surry Counties, Virginia and North Carolina" by Alice Granbery Walter

  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
  3. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  6. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/baring
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY EMMA 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837LadyEmma.htm
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th February 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1847
  10. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BUSSORAH MERCHANT 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848BussorahMerchant.htm
  11. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anna Maria voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1851 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anna-maria/1851
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  14. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  15. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  16. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  17. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  18. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  19. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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