The illustrious surname Cartharp is classified as a habitation surname, which was originally derived from a place-name, and is one form of surname belonging to a broader group called hereditary surnames
. Habitation names were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Topographic names, form the other broad category of surnames that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree.
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Cartharp is a place-name from the place-name Calthorpe, a village and parish, in the union of Aylsham, hundred
of South Erpingham, in the county of Norfolk
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
This Saxon village was originally known as Calethorpe from 1044-1047 and literally meant "outlying farmstead or hamlet of a man called Kali." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Early Origins of the Cartharp family
The surname Cartharp was first found in Norfolk
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Calthorpe at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
survey in the year 1086 A.D. The survey showed that Calthorpe was a village containing a Church, 2.5 mills and 2 beehives. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
It was held by Guerri and Osbert from Tihel the Breton
from whom the Calthorpes are conjecturally descended.
Early History of the Cartharp family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cartharp research.Another 218 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1339, 1410, 1494, 1440, 1796, 1410, 1494, 1442, 1458, 1464, 1476, 1586, 1637, 1558, 1615, 1614, 1604, 1652, 1643, 1699, 1784, 1658, 1656, 1655, 1719, 1689, 1714, 1713, 1714, 1579, 1552, 1798, 1540, 1616 and 1616 are included under the topic Early Cartharp History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cartharp Spelling Variations
Since the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, Breton
surnames have many spelling variations
. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
after the Norman Conquest
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Calthrop, Calthropp, Calthorp, Calthorpe, Cartharp, Carthrop, Carthropp, Carthorp and many more.
Early Notables of the Cartharp family (pre 1700)
Notable of this family during the Middle Ages was Sir William Calthorpe, (1410-1494), Knight of the Bath, and Lord of the Manors of Burnham Thorpe, and Ludham, in Norfolk
, High Sheriff
in 1442, 1458 and 1464 and 1476; Sir Henry Calthorpe (1586-1637), an English lawyer who acted... Another 154 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cartharp Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cartharp family to Ireland
Some of the Cartharp family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 115 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cartharp family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Cartharp, or a variant listed above: Charles Calthrop who settled in Virginia in 1623.