Caroline History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Irish name Caroline claims descent from the O'Connors in Donegal where "Carlan" (from the Irish "carla" meaning a "wool-comb" and "an" meaning "one who" which roughly translates as "one who combs wool") was in Irish O'Carlain or O'Caireallain.

Early Origins of the Caroline family

The surname Caroline was first found in County Limerick (Irish: Luimneach) located in Southwestern Ireland, in the province of Munster, where the name is descended from the O'Connor stem, Kings of Connaught and the family became early associated with the county of Tyrone, and in neighboring counties.

Important Dates for the Caroline family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caroline research. Another 130 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1738, 1799, 1535, 1568, 1670 and 1738 are included under the topic Early Caroline History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Caroline Spelling Variations

Pronunciation, rather than spelling, guided scribes and church officials when recording names during the Middle Ages. This practice often resulted in one person's name being recorded under several different spellings. Numerous spelling variations of the surname Caroline are preserved in these old documents. The various spellings of the name that were found include Carlin, Carling, O'Carolan, Carline, Karlin, Kerling, Kerline, Carlind, Carlynde, Carlyne, Carlyn, Carrlin, Carrling, Kerlynd, Kerlynde, Karlynd, Karline, Kearlin, Kearline, Kearlynd, Carolan, Carrolan, Carolyn, Carolyne, Caroline, Carolynde, Caraline, Carroline, Carlan, Carland, Carlon, Carlone, Karolin, Karolan, Karrolin and many more.

Early Notables of the Caroline family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family name at this time was Hugh O'Carolan, Bishop of Clogher from 1535-1568. Turlough O'Carolan (1670-1738) was a blind early Irish harper, composer and singer, known for his gift for melodic composition. Born in Nobber, County Meath, his father took a job with the MacDermott Roe family of Alderford House, thereby giving Turlough an education. By the time he was eighteen, he was blinded by smallpox and by the age of twenty-one, he was given a horse and...
Another 81 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caroline Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Caroline migration to the United States

The 19th century saw a great wave of Irish families leaving Ireland for the distant shores of North America and Australia. These families often left their homeland hungry, penniless, and destitute do to the policies of England. Those Irish immigrants that survived the long sea passage initially settled on the eastern seaboard of the continent. Some, however, moved north to a then infant Canada as United Empire Loyalists after ironically serving with the English in the American War of Independence. Others that remained in America later joined the westward migration in search of land. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, though, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America, and those who arrived were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. In fact, the foundations of today's powerful nations of the United Sates and Canada were to a larger degree built by the Irish. Archival documents indicate that members of the Caroline family relocated to North American shores quite early:

Caroline Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Owen Caroline, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1767 [1]
  • Patrick Caroline, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1767 [1]

Caroline migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Caroline Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Kitty Caroline, aged 21, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the ship "Edwin" from Dublin, Ireland
  • John Caroline, aged 26, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the ship "Edwin" from Dublin, Ireland
  • Jane Caroline, aged 24, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the ship "Edwin" from Dublin, Ireland
  • Bess Caroline, aged 14, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the ship "Edwin" from Dublin, Ireland
  • Rose Caroline, aged 10, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the ship "Edwin" from Dublin, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Caroline migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Caroline Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • T. Caroline, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1849 [2]
  • Catherine Caroline, aged 29, a general servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Epaminondas" [3]

Contemporary Notables of the name Caroline (post 1700)

  • James C. "J.C." Caroline (1933-2017), American football player, inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame
  • Countess Louisa Maximilienne Caroline (1752-1824), Countess of Albany and wife of Prince Charlie
  • Rosamund Caroline Bosanquet (1940-2013), British cellist, music teacher, and composer
  • Charlotte Caroline Richardson (1775-1850), English poetess, born at York, of poor parents named Smith; she married a shoemaker named Richardson in 1802, but he died of consumption two years later and later she became blind
  • Ysabel Caroline Birkbeck (1859-1934), née Elwes, a British toymaker and philanthropist, best known as founder of the notable Westacre Dolls' House company
  • Lindsey Caroline Kildow (b. 1984), birth name of Lindsey Caroline Vonn, an American World Cup alpine ski racer on the US Ski Team, winner of four World Cup overall championships
  • Lady Ann Caroline Faber (1923-2016), British aristocrat
  • Vicki Caroline Cheatwood, American playwright and screenwriter
  • Marion Caroline Dougherty (1923-2011), American award winning casting director, known for her work on Full Metal Jacket (1987), Batman (1989) and Lethal Weapon (1987)
  • Kirsten Caroline Dunst (b. 1982), American two-time Golden Globe Award nominated actress, singer and model, known for her work on Spider-Man (2002), Spider-Man 2 (2004) and Spider-Man 3 (2007)

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CONSTANCE 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Constance.htm
  3. ^ South Australian Register Monday 26th December 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Epaminondas 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/epaminondas1853.shtml.
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