Calligan History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Before Irish names were translated into English, Calligan had a Gaelic form of O Ceallachain, possibly from "ceallach", which means "strife". The family is descended from Ceallachan (Callaghan), the 10th century King of Munster from whom their surname is derived, and as such, the name Calligan is a patronymic name.

Early Origins of the Calligan family

The surname Calligan was first found in Munster. The earliest mention of the name Calligan placed them in the barony of Kinlea, in County Cork, yet the family lost most of their original lands in the barony of Kinelea during the Anglo- Norman Conquest under Strongbow. They relocated to an area near Mallow, in the north of the county, and remained there until forced off their lands once again during the Cromwellian Invasion of the 17th century. The head family migrated to the east of County Clare and flourished, giving their name to the village of Callaghan's Mills. The resumption of the often-discarded prefix "O" has been widespread during the late twentieth century, but in the early twentieth century, Callaghans greatly outnumbered O'Callaghans, but such is no longer the case. The O'Callaghans are one of the few Irish families to still have a chief, certified by the Genealogical Office. [1]

Important Dates for the Calligan family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Calligan research. Another 202 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1640, 1738, 1807, 1797, 1883, 1605, 1654, 1839 and 1909 are included under the topic Early Calligan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Calligan Spelling Variations

The general population of Ireland, like those of Europe and Britain during the Middle Ages, scribes recorded people's names as they saw fit. As a result, surnames often had many spelling variations. For Calligan some of these variations included: Callaghan, Callahan, O'Callaghan, O'Callahan, Calahan, Cellaghan, Kalahan, Kallaghan, Kallahan, O'Kallaghan, Kellaghan, Kelleghan, Kellahan, Kelahan, Ceilahan, Ceilaghan, Callachan, Calachan, Callagan, Calagan, Kelagan, Callighan and many more.

Early Notables of the Calligan family (pre 1700)

Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Calligan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Calligan migration to the United States

The 18th and 19th centuries saw many Irish families immigrate to North America in search of land and opportunities. The largest influx of Irish immigrants to the United States and British North America came during the 1840s when the Great Potato Famine laid waste to their homeland. Hundreds of thousands left the island in an attempt to escape the starvation and disease it brought. Although the arrival of such a large number of destitute Irish was not welcomed by the established population in the United States and what would become known as Canada at the time, these Irish were an essential element to the rapid development of these growing industrial nations. They filled the demand for the cheap labor needed for the work in factories and in the construction of bridges, roads, canals, and railways. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has revealed many immigrants bearing the name of Calligan or one of its variants:

Calligan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Maurice Calligan, who arrived in South Carolina in 1808 [2]
  • Arthur Calligan, who landed in New York in 1840 [2]
  • P Calligan, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [2]
  • W Calligan, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [2]
  • John Calligan, aged 21, who arrived in New York in 1854 [2]

Contemporary Notables of the name Calligan (post 1700)

  • Kathleen Calligan, American CEO of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Nashville Branch
  • Mike Calligan, American sculptor, his work is featured at Frank Lloyd Wright's designed Melvyn Maxwell Smith and Sara Stein Smith House

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Citations

  1. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
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