The Cromwellian Invasion of Ireland

After the clans were banished from the Scottish/English Borderlands in 1603, many Clan families emigrated to Ireland, which was nominally called the Plantation of Ulster. The area was particularly attractive to the emigrants because the British parliament had created a land scheme to attract settlers to the area.

A year following the Irish Rebellion of 1641, which had brought much discomfort to the English parliament, a scheme was devised to forfeit 2,500,000 acres of Irish land. In an attempt to subdue the rebellious Irish, the lands were offered as security to those people who advanced monies toward paying for a private army. As far as the Irish were concerned, they knew an army was coming, much like the Strongbow invasion. While the English king was against the plan, he could do nothing. In England, the measure was perceived as a triumph over the Irish and the king. The subscribers, Adventurers, were to have estates and manors of one thousand acres each. The costs were very minimal too: Ulster- 200; Connaught - 300; Munster - 450; and Leinster - 600. Lands could be bought on a per acre basis with Ulster at four shillings, Connaught at six shillings, Munster for eight shillings and so on. In September 1653, parliament declared the Rebellion in Ireland subdued and the war had ended.

See Also


  1. ^ Swyrich, Archive materials
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