Caldicott History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

In ancient Anglo-Saxon England, the ancestors of the Caldicott surname lived in Caldecot, which was the name of parishes found in Peterborough and Worcestershire. The name was originally derived from the Old English word ceald-cote and literally meant the dweller at the cold-huts. [1] [2]

The Colgate variant also claims descent from Colegates in Shoreham, Kent or at Colgate in Lower Bleeding, Sussex. [2] The Kent village may now be lost, but there are streets named Colegates, in Faversham, Kent. The Sussex village survives and is now in West Sussex. The earliest record for this variant is Stephen de Colegate who was listed in London in 1300. [2] William Colgate (1783-1857) the English-born, American soap industrialist hailed from Hollingbourne, Kent.

Early Origins of the Caldicott family

The surname Caldicott was first found in various places named Caldecote or Caldecott throughout Britain including Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Northamptonshire, Leicestershire and Warwickshire.

No fewer than five of them are listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Caldecote, Cambridgeshire; Caldecota, Hertfordshire; Caldecote, Warwickshire; Caldecote, Leicestershire; and Caldecote, Northamptonshire. Williamscott or Willscott in Oxfordshire was home to the family too.

Early rolls confirmed the wide-spread use of the name in early rolls with many spelling variations: Simon de Caldecot in the Pipe Rolls for Cambridgeshire in 1165; Geoffrey de Caudecot in the Curia Regis Rolls for Kent in 1206; William de Cheldecot in Warwickshire in 1225; Edmund de Calicote in the Hundredorum Rolls for Berkshire in 1275; Richard de Coldecote in the Subsidy Rolls for Worcestershire in 1275; and John de Caldekote in the Subsidy Rolls for Sussex in 1296. [2]

"Walter Calcott, in 1575, endowed a free school here with £13 per annum payable out of his manor of Williamscott, for 40 boys chosen by lot from the villages around." [3] The hamlet was also made famous as the site that Charles I. slept a night or two prior to the battle of Cropredy-Bridge.

Early History of the Caldicott family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caldicott research. Another 132 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1304, 1320, 1766, 1782, 1783, 1785, 1782, 1779, 1844, 1837, 1843 and 1844 are included under the topic Early Caldicott History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Caldicott Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Caldicott are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Caldicott include: Caldecot, Caldecott, Caldecotte and others.

Early Notables of the Caldicott family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include John Wall Calcott, born November 20, 1766, at Kensington, where his father carried on the business of a bricklayer and builder. Whilst a school-boy he had frequent opportunities of examining the organ at Kensington church, and having funned an acquaintance with the organist became a constant visitor to the organ-loft on Sundays. There he acquired his knowledge of the rudiments of music. His intention was to follow the profession of surgery, but the sight of a severe operation so seriously affected his nerves that he abandoned it and turned his attention to music...
Another 178 words (13 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caldicott Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


New Zealand Caldicott migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Caldicott Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • William Caldicott, who landed in Epsom, Auckland, New Zealand in 1843

Contemporary Notables of the name Caldicott (post 1700) +

  • John Caldicott (1828-1829), English Anglican priest and headmaster
  • Dame FIona Caldicott, English psychiatrist and psychotherapist, past Principal of Somerville College, Oxford
  • Mr. Michael Edward George Caldicott C.B.E., M.B.E., British Colonel, recipient of Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018 [4]
  • John Moore Caldicott KBE CMG (1900-1986), British-born, Rhodesian government minister
  • Helen Mary Caldicott (b. 1938), Australian physician, author, and anti-nuclear advocate, radio host of the weekly If You Love This Planet program
  • John Caldicott Cavell (1813-1887), English shop proprietor and mayor of Oxford, co-founder of Elliston & Cavell, the largest department store in Oxford

RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Samuel Caldicott, English Assistant Smoke room Steward from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania (1915) and survived the sinking [5]


The Caldicott Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: In utrumque paratus
Motto Translation: Prepared for both.


  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  5. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/


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