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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the Irish Caines family come from? What is the Irish Caines family crest and coat of arms? When did the Caines family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Caines family history?

Today's Irish surnames are underpinned by a multitude of rich histories. The name Caines originally appeared in Gaelic as O Cathain.


People who were accounted for by scribes and church officials often had their name recorded many different ways because pronunciation was the only guide those scribes and church officials had to go by. This resulted in the problem of one person's name being recorded under several different variations, creating the illusion of more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Caines that are preserved in archival documents are Cain, Caine, Kane, Kain, Cahan, O'Cahan, Kean, Keane, O'Keane, Ceane, Cean, Kahan, O'Kean, O'Kane, O'Kaine, Kaine, Keann, Cainn, Cainne, Kainn, Cahann, O'Cain and many more.

First found in Derry, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caines research. Another 281 words (20 lines of text) covering the year 1196 is included under the topic Early Caines History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Caines Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Irish families left their homeland in astonishing numbers during the 19th century in search of a better life. Although individual reasons vary, most of these Irish families suffered from extreme poverty, lack of work opportunities, and exorbitant rents in their homeland. Many decided to travel to Australia or North America in the hopes of finding greater opportunities and land. The Irish immigrants that came to North America initially settled on the East Coast, often in major centers such as Boston or New York. But like the many other cultures to settle in North America, the Irish traveled to almost any region they felt held greater promise; as a result, many Irish with gold fever moved all the way out to the Pacific coast. Others before that time left for land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula, or the Maritimes as United Empire Loyalists, for many Irish did choose to side with the English during the American War of Independence. The earliest wave of Irish migration, however, occurred during the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s. An examination of early immigration and passenger lists has revealed many people bearing the Caines name:

Caines Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • James Caines, who arrived in Maryland in 1662

Caines Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Caines settled in Moon's Face in 1850

Caines Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Albert Victor Caines, aged 25, who settled in America from Somerset, England, in 1907
  • Augustus John Ed. Caines, aged 20, who emigrated to the United States from London, England, in 1910
  • Edith Jessie Caines, aged 29, who landed in America from Liverpool, England, in 1912
  • Daniel Caines, aged 24, who emigrated to America from Liverpool, England, in 1916
  • Christopher Caines, aged 34, who landed in America, in 1919

Caines Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Karos Caines, aged 31, a farm labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Marion"

Caines Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Caines, aged 27, a gardener, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" in 1841
  • Mary Caines, aged 26, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" in 1841


  • Justine Maree Caines OAM (b. 1973), birth activist in Australia
  • Michael Andrew Caines MBE (b. 1969), English chef
  • Daniel Stephen Caines (b. 1979), English gold medalist runner
  • Gavin Liam Caines (b. 1983), English footballer


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  1. Read, Charles Anderson. The Cabinet of Irish Literature Selections from the Works of the Chief Poets, Orators and Prose Writers of Ireland 4 Volumes. London: Blackie and Son, 1884. Print.
  2. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  3. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  4. Land Owners in Ireland. Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1203-3).
  5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Woodham-Smith, Cecil. The Great Hunger Ireland 1845-1849. New York: Old Town Books, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-385-3).
  7. Harris, Ruth-Ann and B. Emer O'Keefe. The Search for Missing Friends Irish Immigrant Advertisements Placed in the Boston Pilot Volume II 1851-1853. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1991. Print.
  8. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  9. Kennedy, Patrick. Kennedy's Book of Arms. Canterbury: Achievements, 1967. Print.
  10. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  11. ...

The Caines Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Caines Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 22 September 2013 at 19:10.

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