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Today's Irish surnames are underpinned by a multitude of rich histories. The name Caines originally appeared in Gaelic as O Cathain.

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The surname Caines was first found in Derry, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.

People who were accounted for by scribes and church officials often had their name recorded many different ways because pronunciation was the only guide those scribes and church officials had to go by. This resulted in the problem of one person's name being recorded under several different variations, creating the illusion of more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Caines that are preserved in archival documents are Cain, Caine, Kane, Kain, Cahan, O'Cahan, Kean, Keane, O'Keane, Ceane, Cean, Kahan, O'Kean, O'Kane, O'Kaine, Kaine, Keann, Cainn, Cainne, Kainn, Cahann, O'Cain and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caines research. Another 281 words (20 lines of text) covering the year 1196 is included under the topic Early Caines History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Caines Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Irish families left their homeland in astonishing numbers during the 19th century in search of a better life. Although individual reasons vary, most of these Irish families suffered from extreme poverty, lack of work opportunities, and exorbitant rents in their homeland. Many decided to travel to Australia or North America in the hopes of finding greater opportunities and land. The Irish immigrants that came to North America initially settled on the East Coast, often in major centers such as Boston or New York. But like the many other cultures to settle in North America, the Irish traveled to almost any region they felt held greater promise; as a result, many Irish with gold fever moved all the way out to the Pacific coast. Others before that time left for land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula, or the Maritimes as United Empire Loyalists, for many Irish did choose to side with the English during the American War of Independence. The earliest wave of Irish migration, however, occurred during the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s. An examination of early immigration and passenger lists has revealed many people bearing the Caines name:

Caines Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • James Caines, who arrived in Maryland in 1662

Caines Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • James Caines settled in Moon's Face in 1850

Caines Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Albert Victor Caines, aged 25, who settled in America from Somerset, England, in 1907
  • Augustus John Ed. Caines, aged 20, who emigrated to the United States from London, England, in 1910
  • Edith Jessie Caines, aged 29, who landed in America from Liverpool, England, in 1912
  • Daniel Caines, aged 24, who emigrated to America from Liverpool, England, in 1916
  • Christopher Caines, aged 34, who landed in America, in 1919
  • ...

Caines Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Karos Caines, aged 31, a farm labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Marion"

Caines Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Caines, aged 27, a gardener, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" in 1841
  • Mary Caines, aged 26, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" in 1841
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  • Justine Maree Caines OAM (b. 1973), birth activist in Australia
  • Michael Andrew Caines MBE (b. 1969), English chef
  • Daniel Stephen Caines (b. 1979), English gold medalist runner
  • Gavin Liam Caines (b. 1983), English footballer
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Hickey, D.J. and J.E. Doherty. A New Dictionary of Irish History form 1800 2nd Edition. Dublin: Gil & MacMillian, 2003. Print.
    2. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    4. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
    5. Fitzgerald, Thomas W. Ireland and Her People A Library of Irish Biography 5 Volumes. Chicago: Fitzgerald. Print.
    6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
    7. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    8. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    9. Donovan, George Francis. The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts 1620-1775. Menasha, WI: Geroge Banta Publsihing Co., 1932. Print.
    10. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of Ireland. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1969. Print.
    11. ...

    The Caines Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Caines Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 22 September 2013 at 19:10.

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