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Cain History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: Irish-Alt , Irish


The surname Cain is an old Irish name that originally appeared in Gaelic as O Cathain or Mac Cathain. This may be related to the ancient name Cahane, which signifies "Beloved." More likely, the surname came from the name Catháin, made up of the Gaelic "cath," or "battle;" and "án," or "one who;" thus the name referred to "the fighting one."


Early Origins of the Cain family


The surname Cain was first found in County Londonderry (Irish: Doire), a Northern Irish county also known as Derry, in the province of Ulster. There were two great septs of Ó Catháin, which were apparently quite distinct: Kane (O'Kane) in Ulster, and Keane in Munster and Connacht. A Gaelic family O'Kane emerged in County of Derry: these were the O'Kanes of Keenaght and Coleraine. The founder of this family, is said to be "Eogan," ancestor of the northern Hy Nials, and son of the Nine Hostages, King of Ireland, A.D. 379. The O'Cathain's came into prominence again in the twelfth century (they appear in the Annals of the Four Masters from 1170 onwards) and were next in command to the O'Neill Chieftans of Ulster. There is historical evidence that Dungiven Priory is the tomb of "Cooey-na-Gal O'Cahan," who died in 1385. They also possessed part of Antrim, ruling from the Castle of Dunseverick, which they held from circa 1000 AD to circa 1320 AD, regaining it again in the mid 1500s. The ruins of Dunseverick still remain.

Early History of the Cain family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cain research.
Another 131 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1196, 1617 and 1875 are included under the topic Early Cain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cain Spelling Variations


Spelling variations of this family name include: Kane, Kayne, O'Kane, Cain, O'Cain and others.

Early Notables of the Cain family (pre 1700)


Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cain family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cain Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Christopher Cain or Cayne who settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1639, died in 1653, he had two sons, Jonathon and Nathaniel
  • Claes Jansz Cain, who landed in New York in 1647 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Charles Cain, who settled in Virginia in 1654

Cain Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Thomas Cain, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1763 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Peter Cain, who landed in North Carolina in 1764 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Ernst Cain, who landed in America in 1780 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Cain Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Andrew Cain, who arrived in America in 1803 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Robert Cain, who arrived in America in 1805 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Michael Cain, who landed in America in 1808-1809 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Percival Cain, aged 19, who arrived in New York in 1812 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • George Cain, aged 32, who landed in New York in 1812 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cain Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Mr. Barnabas Cain U.E. who settled in Home District, [Niagara], Lincoln County, Ontario c. 1783 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. Barnabas Cain U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Private Isaiah Cain U.E. (b. 1737) who settled in Yonge [Toronto], Ontario c. 1783 he enlisted in 1763 served as part of Captain Richard Rea's Company of New Yorkers from Dutchess County, he died in 1813 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. John Cain U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. John Cain U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cain Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Richard Cain, who settled in Harbour Grace, Newfoundland in 1800 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Mary Cain from county Kilkenny was married at St. John's, Newfoundland in 1813 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Joseph Cain in Greenspond, Newfoundland in 1819 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • James Cain, who settled in King's Cove, Newfoundland in 1821 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Peter Cain, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1825
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cain Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Martin Cain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Porter" in 1839 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PORTER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Porter.gif
  • Margaret Cain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Porter" in 1839 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PORTER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Porter.gif
  • Thomas Cain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Porter" in 1839 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PORTER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Porter.gif
  • Jane Cain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Porter" in 1839 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PORTER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Porter.gif
  • John Cain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Porter" in 1839 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PORTER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Porter.gif
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cain Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • W Cain, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
  • Mr. Robert Cain, British settler, as the 2nd Detachment of New Zealand Corps of Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Minerva" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 8th October 1847 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  • Mr. John Cain, British labourer travelling from London aboard the ship "Grasmere" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 4th May 1855 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  • Mr. Joseph Cain, British settler travelling from Liverpool aboard the ship 'Mermaid' arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th October 1859 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  • John Cain, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Mermaid" in 1859
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cain (post 1700)


  • James Mallahan Cain (1892-1977), American author and journalist
  • Matthew Thomas Cain (b. 1984), American Major League Baseball player
  • Dean George Cain (b. 1966), American actor
  • James B. Cain, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Navy, during World War II, credited with 8½ aerial victories
  • Ashley Thomas Cain (b. 1990), English footballer
  • John Cain (b. 1931), Australian Labor Party politician, 41st Premier of Victoria (1982 to 1990)
  • Major Robert Henry Cain (1909-1974), British Soldier awarded the Victoria Cross during WWII [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    World War 2 Awards.com - CAIN, Robert. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) Robert Cain. Retrieved from http://www.ww2awards.com/person/22
  • Elizabeth "Liz" Cain (b. 1962), former Australian pair skater
  • Herbert James Cain (1912-1982), Canadian professional ice hockey left winger
  • Cain Ackland (b. 1982), Australian rules football player

Historic Events for the Cain family



HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Dominic Cain, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  • Mr. Henry Cain, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. Thomas Cain, English Fireman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/

Suggested Readings for the name Cain


  • A History of our Cain Family of Virginia, Alabama and Tennessee.

Cain Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PORTER 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Porter.gif
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ World War 2 Awards.com - CAIN, Robert. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) Robert Cain. Retrieved from http://www.ww2awards.com/person/22
  7. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  8. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/


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