Buchanan History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The ancient Pictish-Scottish family that first used the name Buchanan lived in the great lands of Buchanan in Stirlingshire where this illustrious Clan held extensive territories since early times. Although many of today's members of the Clan Buchanan can trace their heritage as far back as McAlpin, the first to establish the name of Buchan was Anselan O'Kyan, son of the King of Ulster about 1016.

It is generally believed that the Buchanans of Auchmar received lands bordering Loch Lomond by King Malcolm II for services rendered against the Danes. And records do confirm that Walter de Buchanan had a land grant in Auchmarr in 1373. A Maurice Buchanan also acted as treasurer to Princess Margaret of France at this time.

Early Origins of the Buchanan family

The surname Buchanan was first found in Lennox. In Gaelic, "both-chanain" means "the seat of the canon," suggesting an ecclesiastical origin. The Clan received its name from the great lands of Buchanan in Stirlingshire where they had held extensive territories since early times. The earliest mention of the name placed him in Stirling (now part of the modern region of Central) where in an early document, a Dominus Absolone de Buchkan was a witness to a charter in 1224.

"The name of this place was originally Inchcaileoch, which it received from an island in Loch Lomond. This name is of uncertain origin; but the family who used it in consequence of having, at a very early period, obtained a grant of the lands so called, sprang from Anselan, a native of Ireland, who is supposed to have located himself here in the 11th century." [1]

Important Dates for the Buchanan family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Buchanan research. Another 191 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1016, 1296, 1506, 1506, 1582, 1681, 1690, 1759, 1506, 1582, 1506, 1595, 1652 and are included under the topic Early Buchanan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Buchanan Spelling Variations

The arts of spelling and translation were yet in their infancies when surnames began, so there are an enormous number of spelling variations of the names in early Scottish records. This is a particular problem with Scottish names because of the numerous times a name might have been loosely translated to English from Gaelic and back. Buchanan has been spelled Buchanan, Bucanan, Bucanion, Bucanen, Bucanon, Buchannan, Buchannon, Buchannen, Buchanon, Buchanen, Bohannon and many more.

Early Notables of the Buchanan family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was George Buchanan (1506-1582), Scottish humanist, scholar, and educator; as well as John Buchanan of that Ilk (d. 1681), Clan Chief and last Laird of Buchanan and Buchanan of Arnprior. Andrew Buchanan (1690-1759), of Drumpellier, was Lord Provost of Glasgow, and was descended from a branch of the old family of Buchanan of Buchanan and Leny. He was the second of four sons of George Buchanan, maltster, Glasgow, one of the covenanters who fought at Bothwell Bridge. [2] George Buchanan (1506-1582), was a Scottish scholar, and third son...
Another 92 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Buchanan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Buchanan family to Ireland

Some of the Buchanan family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 65 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Buchanan migration to the United States

This oppression forced many Scots to leave their homelands. Most of these chose North America as their destination. Although the journey left many sick and poor, these immigrants were welcomed the hardy with great opportunity. Many of these settlers stood up for their newfound freedom in the American War of Independence. More recently, Scots abroad have recovered much of their collective heritage through highland games and other patriotic functions and groups. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has located various settlers bearing the name Buchanan:

Buchanan Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Buchanan, who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1651
  • David Buchanan, who arrived in Boston in 1652
  • Jane Buchanan, who settled in 1664 in New Jersey
  • Alexander Buchanan, listed as a Scot banned to America in 1678
Buchanan Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mathew Buchanan, who arrived in Carolina in 1710 [3]
  • Agnes Buchanan, who settled in Connecticut in 1755
  • Agnes Buchanan, who arrived in Connecticut in 1755 [3]
  • Walter Buchanan, who arrived in America in 1763 [3]
  • Duncan Buchanan, aged 18, who landed in Wilmington, North Carolina in 1774 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Buchanan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • David Carrick Buchanan, who landed in Virginia in 1800 [3]
  • William Buchanan, who landed in America in 1805 [3]
  • Samuel Buchanan, who arrived in New York, NY in 1815 [3]
  • Mr. Buchanan, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1821 [3]
  • A S Buchanan, aged 25, who landed in America in 1822 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Buchanan migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Buchanan Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mrs. Mary Buchanan U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 490 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York traveling with her family [4]
  • Esq. James Buchanan U.E. (b. 1772), aged 11 who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 561 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [4]
  • Mr. David Buchanan U.E. (b. 1769), aged 14 who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 562 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [4]
  • Miss Ann Buchanan U.E. (b. 1769), aged 14 who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 560 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [4]
  • Miss Ann Buchanan U.E. (b. 1772), aged 11 who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 591 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Buchanan Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Donald Buchanan, aged 21, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Favourite" in 1815
  • Robert Buchanan, aged 21, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Favourite" in 1815
  • James Buchanan, aged 24, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Favourite" in 1815
  • William Buchanan, who landed in Canada in 1830
  • Henry Buchanan, aged 35, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the ship "Britannia" from Sligo, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Buchanan migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Buchanan Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Agnes Buchanan, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Delhi" in 1839 [5]
  • margaret Buchanan, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Delhi" in 1839 [5]
  • Isaac Buchanan, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Helen Thompson" in 1840 [6]
  • James Buchanan, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Forfarshire" in 1848 [7]
  • William Buchanan, aged 44, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Macedon" in 1849 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Buchanan migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Buchanan Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Buchanan, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Brazil Packet" arriving in New Zealand in 1837 [9]
  • William T Buchanan, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant
  • William Trueman Buchanan, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" in 1840
  • Mr. W.T. Buchanan, British settler travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" arriving in Port Nicholson, (Wellington Harbour), New Zealand on 20th February 1840 [9]
  • Thomas W Buchanan, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1843
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Buchanan (post 1700)

  • John Hall Buchanan Jr. (1928-2018), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama (1965-1981)
  • Brigadier-General Kenneth Buchanan (1892-1967), American Assistant Commanding General 9th Division (1944) [10]
  • President James Buchanan Jr. (1791-1868), American politician, 15th American President
  • Patrick Joseph Buchanan (b. 1938), American writer, politician, and senior adviser to American Presidents Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and Ronald Reagan
  • James McGill Buchanan Jr. (1919-2013), American economist known for his work on public choice theory, for which he won the 1986 Nobel Prize in Economics
  • Angela Marie "Bay" Buchanan (b. 1948), American conservative political commentator who served as Treasurer of the United States under President Ronald Reagan
  • Lieutenant Commander Allen Buchanan (1876-1940), American Navy Officer and a Medal of Honor recipient for his role in the United States occupation of Veracruz
  • Robert L. Buchanan, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Navy, during World War II, credited with 5 aerial victories
  • George Buchanan (1890-1955), Scottish politician
  • Robert Williams Buchanan (1841-1901), Scottish poet, novelist and dramatist
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Buchanan family

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Geoffrey Buchanan (1911-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Orewa, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; he died in the crash [11]
Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Gregory A Buchanan (b. 1967), American Private from Bakersville, North Carolina, USA who died in the crash [12]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. Richard  Buchanan (1878-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
  • Miss Buchanan, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
  • Mrs. Buchanan, née Leonard, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [13]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Allan Ridley Morton Buchanan (1908-1941), Australian Stoker Petty Officer from Malvern, Victoria, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [14]
RMS Lusitania
  • Miss Mary Buchanan, American 2nd Class passenger from Pottstown, Pennsylvania, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [15]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) DELHI 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Delhi.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) HELEN THOMPSON 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840HelenThompson.gif
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) FORFARSHIRE 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Forfarshire.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The MACEDON 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Macedon.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 3) Kenneth Buchanan. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Buchanan/Kenneth/USA.html
  11. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  12. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  13. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  14. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  15. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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