Brougham History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Brougham was first used by the ancient Strathclyde-Briton people of the Scottish/English Borderlands. The first Brougham to use this name no doubt lived in Galloway in the southwest of Scotland. The Rhiged lived in what later became the northern English counties of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire.

Early Origins of the Brougham family

The surname Brougham was first found in Westmorland, at Brougham Castle a medieval building about 2 miles (3.2 km) south-east of Penrith in what is now known as Cumbria. “The De Burghams held it temp. Edward the Confessor.” [1] This castle was built on an ancient Roman fort named Brocavum and was originally at the intersection of three Roman roads.

Important Dates for the Brougham family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brougham research. Another 83 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1050, 1778, 1868, 1665, 1698, 1778, 1868, 1780 and 1833 are included under the topic Early Brougham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brougham Spelling Variations

Scribes in Medieval Scotland spelled names by sound rather than any set of rules, so an enormous number of spelling variations exist in names of that era. Brougham has been spelled Brougham, Bruham, Browham and others.

Early Notables of the Brougham family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was Henry Brougham (1665-1698), an English divine from Scales Hall, Cumberland. He was one of the twelve children of Henry Brougham of Scales Hall, Cumberland, sheriff for the county in the 6th of William III. [2] Henry Peter Brougham...
Another 44 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Brougham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Brougham family to Ireland

Some of the Brougham family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 32 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brougham migration to the United States

The number of Strathclyde Clan families sailing for North America increased steadily as the persecution continued. In the colonies, they could find not only freedom from the iron hand of the English government, but land to settle on. The American War of Independence allowed many of these settlers to prove their independence, while some chose to go to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Scots played essential roles in the forging of both great nations. Among them:

Brougham Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • William Brougham, who landed in Maryland in 1663 [3]
Brougham Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • George Brougham who settled in Maryland in 1774
Brougham Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Brougham, who arrived in San Francisco California in 1852

Brougham migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Brougham Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Brougham, aged 30, a carpenter, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Mallard" [4]
  • Patrick Brougham, aged 22, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Nugget" [5]
  • Catherine Brougham, aged 24, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Nugget" [5]
  • Thomas Brougham, aged 26, a farm labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "James Jardine"
  • Ellen Brougham, aged 20, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "James Jardine"

Brougham migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Brougham Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Brougham, aged 32, a labourer, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
  • Maria Brougham, aged 31, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
  • James Brougham, aged 7, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
  • John Brougham, aged 3, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" in 1842
  • Catherine Brougham, aged 16, a farm servant, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" in 1850

Contemporary Notables of the name Brougham (post 1700)

  • Tom Brougham, American gay rights activist
  • John Brougham (1814-1880), Irish-American actor and dramatist
  • Herbert W. Brougham, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for U.S. Representative from Washington 1st District, 1944 [6]
  • Michael John Brougham (b. 1938), British peer, 5th Baron Brougham and Vaux, and a Member of the English House of Lords
  • William Brougham (1795-1886), English politician, 2nd Baron Brougham and Vaux
  • James Brougham, British politician, Member of the UK Parliament
  • Henry Peter Brougham (1778-1868), British writer, scientist, lawyer, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, Lord Chancellor of England (1830-1834)
  • The Rt Rev Henry Brougham Bousfield DD, MA, (1832-1902), British Colonial Anglican prelate, inaugural Bishop of Pretoria (1878-1902)
  • Henry Brougham Loch GCMG, KCB (1827-1900), 1st Baron Loch, Scottish soldier and colonial administrator
  • Henry Brougham Guppy FRS (1854-1926), British botanist, recipient of the Linnean Medal

Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ South Australian Register Thursday 26th April 1855. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Mallard 1855. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/mallard1855.shtml
  5. ^ South Australian Register. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Nugget 1858. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/nugget1858.shtml.
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 13) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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