Breteuil History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
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Early Origins of the Breteuil family
The surname Breteuil was first found in Hereford where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book,  indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of many lands and domains who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. The family is descended from Roger de Breteuil, son of William FitzOsbern, a great Norman Earl. Roger became Earl of Hereford sometime before the Conquest, rebelled against Duke William in 1075, lost his lands, and died in prison. Nevertheless, his kin continued to hold domains in Cornwall, Devon, Dorset and Salop.
Important Dates for the Breteuil family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Breteuil research. Another 114 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 190 and 1904 are included under the topic Early Breteuil History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Breteuil Spelling Variations
Spelling variations of this family name include: Brettell, Bretell, Bretel, Breteuil, Bretull, Britell, Breteel, Breteal, Britill, Brettle, Brittle, Bretale, Brettale and many more.
Early Notables of the Breteuil family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Breteuil Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Breteuil family
Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: the name represented in many forms and recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled in the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Maine, to Virginia, the Carolinas, and to the islands..
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)