Bottral History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Bottral was carried to England in the enormous movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Bottral family lived in Cornwall. The family name originated in the village of Bottereaux, Normandy. Up until the 12th century, the name was frequently listed as De Boterillis but the family bore the same Arms. One of the first records of the name was Geoffry Boterel, brother of Alan, Count of Pentievre as listed in 1080. His son Hamon was father to William Botterill again mentioned in England in 1130. This William married Alice, a co-heir of Robert Corbet and through the family the Earl of Cornwall was descended.
Early Origins of the Bottral family
The surname Bottral was first found in Cornwall. However, there is records of Aston Botterell, which is a village and small civil parish in Shropshire, and according to the 2001 census it had a population of 74. During the reign of Henry III, it held the rank of a market town.
"This place derives the adjunct to its name from the family of Botterell, by whom the manor was held under the earls of Arundel in the reign of Henry III."  The manor at that time belonging to the family of the Botterells.
The parish of Minster in Cornwall is of some early significance to the family. "This parish, which is situated on the shore of the Bristol Channel, and includes a portion of the small sea-port of Boscastle, was distinguished for a castle built by the family of Bottreaux in the reign of Henry I., of which nothing but the site remains." 
Continuing, "in the grounds of Worthyvale is a stone bearing some rudely-sculptured characters, brought from Slaughter Bridge, in the neighbourhood, and supposed to commemorate a battle fought near that place, in 525, between the Britons and the Saxons, in which King Arthur is said to have been mortally wounded." 
"Reginald gave [the manor of ] Penheale [in the parish of Egloskerry, Cornwall] to William Botterell or Bottreaux, the husband of his aunt Alice Corbet ; and it was afterwards confirmed by him to William Botterell the son, who in 1199 gave a fine of 300 marks and two goshawks for livery of this manor and others in Cornwall. " 
"The estate of Trevethow, [in the parish of Lelant, Cornwall] which is sometimes called the manor of Lelant and Trevethow, belonged at a very early period to the ancient family of Bottreaux; after which it became successively the property of Godolphin and Praed." 
In Devon, "Molland, or Molland Bottreaux, had a dominant position in the hundreds of North Molton, Braunton, and Bampton. Before the Conquest it belonged to Harold, and it passed to William. Shortly after the Conquest it came to the Bottreauxs, whence its second name, and continued in that ancient house until the reign of Henry VI. The church was given by William de Bottreaux to Hartland Abbey. " 
Early History of the Bottral family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bottral research. Another 323 words (23 lines of text) covering the years 1130, 1147, 1155, 1193, 1197, 1198, 1203, 1273, 1273, 1277, 1302, 1500, 1672, 1337, 1391, 1367, 1395, 1389, 1462, 1415 and 1643 are included under the topic Early Bottral History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bottral Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Botterill, Bottreaux, Boterel, Boterell, Botterell, Botereus and many more.
Early Notables of the Bottral family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was William Boterell, a prominent 13th century landholder in Shropshire; William de Botreaux (1337-1391), 1st Baron Botreaux, a prominent English West-Country baron; William...
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bottral Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bottral family to Ireland
Some of the Bottral family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
| Bottral migration to New Zealand ||+|
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Bottral Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Miss Mary Bottral, (b. 1853), aged 21, English settler from Warwickshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Tweed" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 4th September 1874 
- Mr. Henry Bottral, (b. 1860), aged 14, English settler from Warwickshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Tweed" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 4th September 1874 
- Ms. Margaret Bottral, (b. 1852), aged 23, Cornish servant departing on 4th December 1875 aboard the ship "Rangitiki " arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 16th February 1876 
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
- Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
- New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
- Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf