Blanchard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The first bearer of the name Blanchard most likely took on this name based on an early member of the family who was a person with a whitish, or white appearance having derived from the Old French word blanchart. Experts theorize that Blanchard may have also been a nickname for someone with an exceptionally pure character, since white was the symbolic color of purity during the Middle Ages. Alternatively, the name could have been a nickname for a "white horse." [1]

Early Origins of the Blanchard family

The surname Blanchard was first found in Lancashire where they held a family seat from early times at Grimsbargh Hall. "Ponce Blanchard held twelve fees in Hants (Hampshire), granted by Richard I., and Gilbert and William Blanchard had estates in Lincolnshire." [2] Other very early references to the family include: Blanchard de Morba who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Devon in 1180; Robertus blancard, Rotbertus quippe blancard, who was listed in the Inquisitio Inquests for Suffolk in 1086; and Richard Blanchard who was listed in Pipe Rolls of Lancashire in 1177. The author continues: "The 1086 example is, however, certainly a nickname, probably identical to Robertus Blancardus." [3]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had the following early entries for the family: William Blaunchard in Wiltshire; Reginald Blanchard in Yorkshire; and Robert Blaunchard in Lincolnshire. A few years later the Subsidy Rolls of Lancashire listed Nicholas Blaunchard in Lancashire in 1332. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 include: Willelmus Blaunchard; and Elena Blaunchard. [1]

"The name of Blanchard or Blanshard, which also occurs in the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire, has long been in the county of Lincoln. John Blauncherde of Lowthe gave £25 for the defence of his country at the time of the expected invasion of the Spanish Armada in 1588. Long before this, in the reign of Edward I., we find the name of Blaunchard in the county in the reign of Henry III. the name also occurred in Wiltshire, and, in fact, Blanchard or Blaunchard is also an old Wiltshire name, occurring in the hundred of Warminster in the 16th century." [4]

Important Dates for the Blanchard family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Blanchard research. Another 112 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1651, 1587 and 1790 are included under the topic Early Blanchard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Blanchard Spelling Variations

There are many spelling variations of Breton surnames, because the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find references to one individual with many different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Blanchard, Blanchaud and others.

Early Notables of the Blanchard family (pre 1700)

Notable of this family during the Middle Ages was William Isaac Blanchard (died 1790), an English stenographer. He was son of a French refugee, who became a...
Another 27 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Blanchard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Blanchard migration to the United States

Records show the name Blanchard in some of the earliest immigrant records of North America:

Blanchard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Joseph Blanchard, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1637 [5]
  • Thomas Blanchard, who arrived in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1639 [5]
  • William Blanchard, who arrived in Salem, Massachusetts in 1641 [5]
  • Mattheus Blanchard, who landed in New Netherland(s) in 1660 [5]
  • Henri Blanchard, aged 24, who arrived in South Carolina in 1680 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Blanchard Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Sarah Blanchard, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1712 [5]
  • Louis Blanchard, aged 15, who arrived in Louisiana in 1719 [5]
  • Louis Blanchard, who settled in Louisiana in 1719
  • Joseph Blanchard, who arrived in New York, NY in 1756 [5]
  • Jean Blanchard, who arrived in South Carolina in 1756 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Blanchard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Blanchard, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1805 [5]
  • William Blanchard, who arrived in America in 1806 [5]
  • William Blanchard, aged 27, who landed in America in 1822 [5]
  • Elizabeth Blanchard, aged 25, who arrived in America in 1822 [5]
  • Francie Blanchard, who arrived in Savanna(h), Georgia in 1826 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Blanchard migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

  • Alexandre Blanchard, son of Alexandre and Françoise, married Marie-Angélique Charon, daughter of Jean and Geneviève, in Saint-Pierre-Ile d'Orléans on 21st September 1727 [6]
  • Étienne Blanchard, son of Jean and Perpétue, married Marie Jouet, daughter of François and Geneviève, in Lachenaie, Quebec on 16th August 1771 [6]
  • François Blanchard, son of Jean and Marguerite, married Madeleine Boucher, daughter of Jacques and Anne, in Quebec on 20th October 1665 [6]
  • François Blanchard, son of Charles and Marie, married Marie-Josephte Prudhomme, daughter of Pierre and Catherine, in Quebec on 4th July 1757 [6]
  • François Blanchard, son of René and Marie, married Marie-Josephte Robin, daughter of Jean and Marie-Françoise, in Montreal, Quebec on 30th August 1762 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Blanchard Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Louis Blanchard, who landed in Canada in 1636
  • Mr. Louis Blanchard, French settler travelling to Canada for work arriving on 5th April 1645 [7]
  • Francois Blanchard, who landed in Montreal in 1653
  • Mr. Louis Blanchard, French labourer travelling to Canada to work for Jacques Pepin arriving on 23rd March 1656 [7]
  • Mr. Jean Blanchard, French settler travelling to Canada for work arriving on 23rd March 1665 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Blanchard Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Pierre Blanchard from Poitou settled in Quebec in 1733
  • Julien Blanchard from Brittany settled in Quebec in 1752
  • Louis Blanchard from Brittany settled in Quebec in 1752
  • François Blanchard from Saintonge settled in Quebec in 1757
  • Honoré Blanchard from Aunis settled in Quebec in 1757
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Blanchard Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Asa Blanchard, who arrived in Canada in 1831

Blanchard migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Blanchard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Blanchard, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • Thomas Blanchard, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on July 3, 1822, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [9]
  • Mark Blanchard, a carpenter, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Stephen Blanchard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Countess of Yarborough" in 1850 [10]
  • A. Blanchard, aged 48, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Standard" [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Blanchard migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Blanchard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Richard H. Blanchard, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Randolph" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand in September 1850 [12]
  • Kate E. Blanchard, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blue Jacket" in 1865
  • Maude M. Blanchard, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blue Jacket" in 1865
  • Agnes G. Blanchard, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blue Jacket" in 1865

Contemporary Notables of the name Blanchard (post 1700)

  • Robert Cary Blanchard (1968-2016), American NFL football placekicker
  • Johnny Blanchard (1933-2009), American baseball player
  • Helen Blanchard (1840-1922), American inventor who received 28 patents between 1873 and 1915, known for her numerous inventions dealing with sewing machines and sewing technology
  • George Washington Blanchard (1884-1964), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wisconsin (1933-1935)
  • Frank Nelson Blanchard (1888-1937), American herpetologist, and professor of zoology at the University of Michigan
  • George Samuel Blanchard (1920-2006), United States Army four-star general, Commander in Chief, U.S. Army Europe/Commander, Central Army Group from 1975 to 1979
  • Erin Blanchard (b. 1989), American gymnast at the 2008 Summer Olympic Games
  • Elizabeth D. Blanchard, American former politician, Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives (2002-2010)
  • Elizabeth Blanchard (1834-1891), American academic, 7th President of Mount Holyoke College (1883-1889)
  • Edmund Blanchard (1824-1886), American lawyer and prominent businessman
  • ... (Another 36 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Blanchard family

USS Arizona
  • Mr. Albert Richard Blanchard, American Coxswain from Minnesota, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [13]

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Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Internoscia, Arthur E., and Claire Chevrier. Dictionnaire National des Canadiens Français 1608-1760. Vol. 1, Institut Drouin, 1958.
  7. ^ Debien, Gabriel. Liste Des Engagés Pour Le Canada Au XVIIe Siècle. Vol. 6, Laval University, 1952. (Retreived 24th May 2018). Retrieved from https://lebloguedeguyperron.wordpress.com/2016/06/30/130-liste-des-contrats-dengagement-pour-la-nouvelle-france-releves-a-la-rochelle-entre-1634-et-1679/
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1820 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1820
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 155 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1822
  10. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) COUNTESS OF YARBOROUGH 1850. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850CountessYarborough.htm
  11. ^ South Australian Register Monday 18th December 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Standard 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/standard1854.shtml
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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