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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, German, Italian


Bertram is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Bertram comes from the Germanic personal name Bertram, which is composed of the elements berht, meaning "bright" or "famous," and hrabn, meaning "raven."

Bertram Early Origins



The surname Bertram was first found in Northumberland where "William de Bertram, the son or grandson of the Norman soldier, founded the Augustinian Priory of Brinkburn. His descendants - the Bertrams of Mitford castle, were potent feudal lords, distinguished in the Scottish wars and baronial contests. The last male heir, Roger Bertram, second Baron Bertram, died 1311." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
Bertrannus was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The History of Northumberland lists Richard Bertam as holding lands there in 1168 and Berteram le Barbur was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of Shropshire in 1273. [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Another source gives more details about the early influence of the family, specifically in the parish of Mitford. "This manor, in the time of the Saxons, belonged to the family of Mitford, and at the Conquest was part of the possessions of John, lord of Mitford, whose only daughter, Sybil, was married by the Conqueror to Sir Richard Bertram, son of the lord of Dignam, in Normandy. The family of Bertram became very numerous, and acquired large estates in this part of the kingdom, which they retained till the reign of John, when, taking part with the barons against that monarch, their castle here, and also the town, were burnt, and the lands laid waste, by the Flemish allies of the king; the barony, becoming forfeited to the crown, was bestowed upon Philip de Hulcoates. The possessions were subsequently restored by Henry III. to the Bertrams; but after the death of Roger de Bertram in 1242, his son and successor being taken prisoner among the insurgents at Northampton, the castle and estates were seized by the king, and never regained. The castle was taken and dismantled by Alexander, King of Scotland, in 1318." [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Nunriding a township, in the parish of Mitford, was anciently called Baldwineswood and was home to Roger Bertram who during the reign of Henry II, gave the lands to the Benedictine convent of Hallystone. [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Another branch of the family was found at Earsdon in Northumberland. "Sir John Bertram, Knt., who died in 1449, possessed of 16 messuages, 14 cottages, 8 acres of meadow, 494 of arable land, 400 of wood, and 300 of moor, in 'Eresdon.'" [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

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Bertram Spelling Variations


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Bertram Spelling Variations



It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Bertram are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Bertram include Bertram, Bartram, Battram, Berttram, Beartram, Beertram, Bertrim, Bertrem, Berttrim, Berttrem, Barttrem, Bartrim, Bertrame, Bartramn, Bartramm, Bertramm, Bortram, Bortrem and many more.

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Bertram Early History


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Bertram Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bertram research. Another 431 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1168, 1296 and 1482 are included under the topic Early Bertram History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Bertram Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Bertram Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Bertram Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Bertram, or a variant listed above:

Bertram Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Bertram, who landed in Virginia in 1650
  • William Bertram, who arrived in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1669

Bertram Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Jacob Bertram arrived in New York, New York in 1710
  • Jacob Bertram, who arrived in New York, NY in 1710
  • William Bertram settled in Pennsylvania in 1732
  • John Henry Bertram, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1773
  • Hans Henry Bertram, aged 19, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1776
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Bertram Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Andrew Bertram, aged 27, landed in New York in 1812
  • John Bertram, aged 21, landed in New Orleans, La in 1832
  • Jose Bertram, aged 25, arrived in New Orleans, La in 1837
  • Henry Bertram arrived in Missouri in 1845
  • H. Bertram, accompanied by his wife and five children, arrived in New Orleans in 1845
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Bertram Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • William Bertram arrived in Canada in 1820
  • Henry Bertram, who landed in Canada in 1820
  • William Bertram, who landed in Canada in 1820

Bertram Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Henry Julius Wilhelm Bertram arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Bute" in 1839
  • Caroline Bertram arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Bute" in 1839
  • Helen Bertram, aged 34, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Medina"

Bertram Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • A. Bertram arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Telegraph" in 1863

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Contemporary Notables of the name Bertram (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Bertram (post 1700)



  • Vedah Bertram (1891-1912), American actress
  • James Munro Bertram (1910-1993), Rhodes Scholar, journalist, writer, relief worker, prisoner of war and university professor
  • Charles Binning Bertram (1909-1976), Canadian artist, architectural innovator, and art educator
  • Laura Maureen Bertram (b. 1978), Canadian actress
  • Douglas Somerville Bertram (b. 1913), British Professor of Medical Entomology and Director of Department of Entomology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  • Kate Bertram, British biologist, President, Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge, and a Justice of the Peace in Cambridgeshire
  • Anthony Bertram, British writer, and art historian
  • William Bertram (1880-1933), Canadian actor, writer, film director
  • Dr. Christoph Bertram (b. 1937), German Director for the International Institute for Strategic Studies

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: J'avance
Motto Translation: I advance.


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Bertram Family Crest Products


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Bertram Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  2. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  3. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  4. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  5. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  7. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  8. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  9. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  10. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  11. ...

The Bertram Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Bertram Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 15 April 2016 at 13:01.

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