Bernard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The surname Bernard is derived from the French personal name Bernard, making this surname a patronym, or derived from the name of a parent or other ancestor. This type of surname belongs to the category of surnames, known as hereditary surnames. Patronymic surnames arose out of the vernacular and religious given name traditions. The vernacular or regional naming tradition is the oldest and most pervasive type of patronymic surname. According to this custom, names were originally composed of vocabulary elements from the local language. Vernacular names that were derived from ancient Germanic personal names have cognates in most European languages. For example, the court of Charlemagne (742-814) was Christian and Latin-speaking, but the Frankish dialect of Old German was commonly used for personal names. Vernacular names were widespread throughout Normandy. Accordingly, many typical English and French names are in fact, originally of Germanic origin. In some cases the exact same name appears in many other European countries. The personal name Bernard is derived from the Germanic name Bernhard, which is composed of the Old German elements bern, which meant bear, and hard, which meant hard or strong. The personal name therefore meant "as strong as a bear."

Early Origins of the Bernard family

The surname Bernard was first found in Provence, where the family has held a family seat since very early times.

Bernard ( fl. 1093), of Neufmarché (de Novo-mercatii), "often called in English 'of Newmarch,' was the son of Geoffrey, son of Thurcytel, Lord of Neufmarché by the forest of Lions, and of Ada, daughter of Richard of Hugleville, famous for his faithfulness to his duke, William, in the war of Arques, and a grandson of Richard the Good by his daughter Papia. Bernard emigrated to England with the Conqueror, and his name appears as a witness to two charters granted by William to his abbey of Battle. " [1]

However, not all of the family moved to England. By the 16th century this ancient family was well established and several members of this remarkable family were distinctive through their active contributions to the King, country, and fellowman and therefore were rewarded with lands, titles, and letters patent confirming their nobility.

Among these distinguished members was M. Bernard of Feissal who, in recognition of his achievement, both politically and culturally, acquired the title of Lord of the Tour Saint-Vincent.

Descending from the original line of Provence were several impressive members who received their letters of nobility, and their descendants maintained their noble status in 1668. Claude Bernard, 1813-1878 was a famous professor of Collége de France, wrote "Introduction to the study of experimental Medicine".

Participating extensively in the affairs of his community, Charles Bernard became a Counsellor at the Court of Aix and acknowledging his capabilities he was made the Leader of the Barristers of Nice from 1845 to 1915. In 1901 in recognition of all his impressive accomplishments Bernard was granted the title of a Roman Count.

Jean Bernard, born in 1638, son of Jean and Catherine (née Fauden), travelled from Tionville, Germany to New France in 1663. He settled on a farm in île d'Orléans, Quebec where he worked as a farmer and a wagon maker. He married Marie de Bure, daughter of Vincent and Suzanne (née Golin), in Quebec and on 27th December 1666. In February 1698, Jean was found dead from hypothermia on Saint-Pierre Lake. [2]

Important Dates for the Bernard family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bernard research. Another 46 words (3 lines of text) covering the years 1300, 1651, 1668, 1739, 1813, 1845, and 1878 are included under the topic Early Bernard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bernard Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Bernard, Bernerd, Bernat, Bernarde, Barnard, Bairnard, Burnard, Bernaurd and many more.

Early Notables of the Bernard family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the names at this time was Jacques-Samuel Bernard (1615-1687), a French miniature painter and engraver; Samuel Bernard (1651-1739), a financier, loaned money to Louis XIV and Louis XV; Jacques Bernard...
Another 32 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bernard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bernard migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Bernard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • William Bernard, who landed in Virginia in 1625 [3]
  • Samuel Bernard, aged 1, who landed in New England in 1634 [3]
  • Samuell Bernard, aged 1, who arrived in America in 1634 [3]
  • John Bernard who arrived in Watertown, Massachusetts in 1634
  • John Bernard, who arrived in New England in 1634 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bernard Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • David Bernard, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1700 [3]
  • David Bernard, who arrived in Jamestown, Virginia in 1700
  • Joseph Bernard, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [3]
  • Claude Bernard, who arrived in Louisiana in 1719 [3]
  • Pierre Bernard, aged 18, who landed in Louisiana in 1720 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bernard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Andre Bernard, who arrived in Louisiana in 1805 [3]
  • Mr. Bernard, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1813 [3]
  • Richard Bernard who arrived in New York City in 1816
  • Richard Bernard, who arrived in New York, NY in 1816 [3]
  • Simon Bernard, who landed in New York in 1822 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bernard Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Friedrich Bernard who arrived in Kentucky between 1881 and 1900

Bernard migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Bernard Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Guillaume Bernard, who landed in Canada in 1663
  • Jean Bernard, son of Jean and Catherine, married Marie De Bure, daughter of Vincent and Suzanne, in Quebec on 27th December 1666 [4]
  • André Bernard, son of André and Marie, married Marie Gitton, daughter of Denis and Marie, in Quebec on 26th November 1676 [4]
  • Hilaire Bernard, married, Marie-Madeleine Voyer, daughter of Pierre and Catherine, in Quebec on 3rd November 1694 [4]
  • Charles Bernard, son of Jean and Marie, married Geneviève Martin, daughter of Pierre and Jacobine, in Saint-Augustin, Quebec on 10th November 1697 [4]
Bernard Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Nicolas Bernard, son of Jean and Marie, married Marie-Thérèse Bruneau, daughter of François and Marie, in Quebec on 22nd November 1707 [4]
  • Jean Bernard, son of Jean and Marie, married Marie Barbot, daughter of François and Marguerite, in Charlesbourg, Quebec on 21st November 1712 [4]
  • Claude Bernard, son of Jacques and Louise, married Angélique Coulombe, daughter of Louis and Jeanne-Marguerite, in Quebec on 7th August 1713 [4]
  • René Bernard, son of René and Madeleine, married Anne Blon, daughter of Jacques and Marie, in Beaubassin, Quebec on 11th July 1713 [4]
  • Jean-Baptiste Bernard, son of Jean and Marie-Anne, married Marie-Anne Moreau, daughter of Pierre and Élisabeth, in Montreal, Quebec on 24th May 1716 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bernard Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Margaret Bernard, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1803
  • William Bernard, aged 13, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Edward Reid" in 1833

Bernard migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Bernard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Gustav Louis Ernest Wilhem Bernard, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Steinwaerder" [5]
  • Fred Bernard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Simlah" in 1849 [6]
  • Thomas Bernard, aged 37, a farm labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Constance" [7]
  • Frederick Bernard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Candahar" in 1850 [8]

Bernard migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Bernard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Sister Angela Bernard, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Katherine Stewart Forbes" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 9th March 1852 [9]
  • Miss Ann Bernard, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th February 1856 [10]
  • Miss Jane Bernard, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Oriental" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 25th February 1856 [10]
  • Henry Bernard, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Portland" in 1864
  • Elizabeth Bernard, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Portland" in 1864
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Bernard (post 1700)

  • Hugh Yancey Bernard Jr. (b. 1919), American librarian and educator
  • Harold Grady Bernard (b. 1938), American state official
  • Cicero Henry Bernard (b. 1906), American educator
  • Charles Taylor Bernard (b. 1927), American dry cleaning company executive
  • Walter Joseph Bernard (b. 1923), American research scientist
  • Marvin Aaron Bernard (b. 1934), American film company executive
  • Lawrence Bernard (b. 1927), American editor
  • Michel Bernard (1931-2019), French middle and long-distance runner who competed at the 1960 and 1964 Olympics
  • Pierre Bernard (1942-2015), French graphic artist and designer, awarded the Erasmus Prize in 2006
  • Simon Bernard, French Divisional General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [11]
  • ... (Another 15 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Bernard family

RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Clinton Will Percival Bernard, American 1st Class Passenger from New York, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Oliver Percy Bernard, English 1st Class Passenger from London, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 11 [12]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Frank Peter Bernard, American Shipfitter Second Class from North Dakota, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [13]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Olivier, Reginald L. Your Ancient Canadian Family Ties. Logan: The Everton Publishers, Inc., P.O. Box 368, 1972. Print
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Internoscia, Arthur E., and Claire Chevrier. Dictionnaire National des Canadiens Français 1608-1760. Vol. 1, Institut Drouin, 1958.
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) STEINWARDER 1849 aka STEINWAERDER. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Steinwarder.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The SIMLAH 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Simlah.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CONSTANCE 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Constance.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CANDAHAR 1850. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Candahar.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, February 11) Simon Bernard. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html
  12. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  13. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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