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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, Irish

Bayley is one of the names that was brought to England in the wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a person who held the civil office of the same name in Normandy. The title 'Le Bailli' was approximately equal to that of Viscount or sheriff. [1] There was also a place named Bailleul-En-Vimeu which is about six miles south of Abbeyville in the Somme, Normandy from which some instances of the surname may have evolved. The name Bayley is also an occupational name for a steward or official, deriving from "baiulivus" in Late Latin. In Scotland the word bailie, rather than bailiff is still used as the title for an officer in the courts.


The surname Bayley was first found in Northumberland. However, there is still great controversy over the earliest origins of the name. There was great popular belief that the name was changed from Balliol, due to the unpopularity of the two Scottish Kings of that name. However, many historians, such as Bain, find no evidence for such a change, and cite very early instances of the name Baillie, such as William de Bailli, who appeared as a juror on an inquest concerning forfeited lands in Lothian around 1311-12. [2] Early records of the Baillie Clan indicate that the aforementioned William de Bailli was also known as Baillie of Hoperig, who acquired the lands of Lamington in Lanarkshire. His son William was granted a charter confirming ownership of these same lands in 1358. Alexander, the eldest grandson of William and two brothers fled the country after they had beaten and killed their tutor. After serving in the army, Alexander received the lands of Dunain and Dochfour, and was appointed the Constable of Inverness. Another brother of Alexander's married a daughter of Sir Patrick Hume's in 1492, and from this union descended the Baillies of Jerviswood.

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Bayley are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Bayley include Baillie, Bailey, Bailie, Bayly, Bayley, Bailley, Baly, Ballye, Bayllie and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bayley research. Another 375 words (27 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1296, 1292, 1332, 1338, 1308, 1721, 1872, 1292, 1296, 1585, 1667, 1611, 1587, 1589, 1632, 1684, 1634, 1684, 1657, 1671, 1720, 1701, 1664, 1738, 1691, 1648, 1610, 1664, 1644, 1664, 1630 and are included under the topic Early Bayley History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 341 words (24 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bayley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Bayley family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 335 words (24 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


Faced with the chaos present in England at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia and Ireland in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Bayley, or a variant listed above:

Bayley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • William Bayley, who arrived in Jamestown Va in 1607
  • Ann Bayley, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Walter Bayley, who landed in Virginia in 1626
  • Jonas Bayley, who arrived in Maine in 1634
  • John Bayley, who landed in Maine in 1635

Bayley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Chr Bayley, who landed in Virginia in 1701
  • Anne Bayley, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
  • Isaac Bayley, who landed in Virginia in 1706
  • Joseph Bayley, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • Henry Bayley, who arrived in Virginia in 1711

Bayley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William P Bayley, aged 22, landed in New York in 1813
  • Mike Bayley, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1858
  • Ceferino Bayley, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1874

Bayley Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century

  • John Bayley, who arrived in Barrow Harbour, Newfoundland in 1676

Bayley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Bayley, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • William Bayley, English convict from London, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • William Bayley, aged 28, a blacksmith, arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Trafalgar"
  • John Thomas Bayley, aged 33, a policeman, arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "William Stuart"
  • Thomas Bayley, aged 18, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Nugget"

Bayley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Jas Bayley landed in New Plymouth, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Amelia Thompson
  • John Bayley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Excelsior" in 1871
  • Mary Bayley arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Excelsior" in 1871


  • Elizabeth Ann Bayley (1774-1821), birth name of Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, S.C., the first native-born citizen of the United States to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church
  • James Roosevelt Bayley (1814-1877), American prelate of the Catholic Church, first Bishop of Newark (18531872), 8th Archbishop of Baltimore (18721877)
  • Peter Charles Bayley (1921-2015), English fellow at University College, Oxford, England
  • John Oliver Bayley CBE, FBA, FRSL (1925-2015), British literary critic and writer, Warton Professor of English at the University of Oxford from 1974 to 1992
  • Sir John Bayley (1763-1841), 1st Baronet, an English Justice of the King's Bench
  • John Bayley (1794-1874), English professional cricketer who played first-class cricket from 1822 to 1850
  • Sir John Edward George Bayley (1793-1871), 2nd Baronet, an English baronet and amateur cricketer
  • John Whitcomb Bayley (b. 1869), English antiquary
  • Barrington J. Bayley (1937-2008), English science fiction writer from Birmingham
  • Blaze Bayley (b. 1963), born Bayley Alexander Cooke, an English singer, lyricist, and songwriter, lead singer of Wolfsbane (1984 to 1994) and Iron Maiden (1994 to 1999)



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Ubi bene ibi patria
Motto Translation: One's country is where one is well.


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  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)

Other References

  1. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  2. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  3. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  4. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  5. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  6. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  7. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  8. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  9. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  11. ...

The Bayley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Bayley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 22 December 2015 at 17:52.

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