Baxter History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancient Scottish-English border region is the ancestral home of the name Baxter. It was first used by the Boernician people, and is a name for a female baker, who were known as "bakesters". With the continuing development of Old English, the word gradually came to be applied to both men and women.

Early Origins of the Baxter family

The surname Baxter was first found in Forfarshire part of the Tayside region of North Eastern Scotland, and present day Council Area of Angus, where they held a family seat from ancient times. Agnes Bakester of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.

Early History of the Baxter family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baxter research. Another 168 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1st , 1296, 1300, 1312, 1323, 1398, 1615, 1), , 1781, 1858, 1615, 1691, 1686, 1750, 1836, 1825 and 1890 are included under the topic Early Baxter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Baxter Spelling Variations

In the many years before the invention of the printing press and the first dictionaries, names and other words were spelled according to sound, often differently with each person who wrote them. Spelling variations of Baxter include Baxter, Bakster, Baxster, Baxstair, Baxstare and others.

Early Notables of the Baxter family (pre 1700)

Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baxter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Baxter World Ranking

In the United States, the name Baxter is the 566th most popular surname with an estimated 52,227 people with that name. [1] However, in Canada, the name Baxter is ranked the 605th most popular surname with an estimated 8,372 people with that name. [2] And in Australia, the name Baxter is the 267th popular surname with an estimated 12,777 people with that name. [3] New Zealand ranks Baxter as 302nd with 2,025 people. [4] The United Kingdom ranks Baxter as 220th with 26,176 people. [5]

Ireland Migration of the Baxter family to Ireland

Some of the Baxter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Baxter migration to the United States +

In many cases, the ancestors of many of these Boernician-Scottish people are just now learning of their Scottish heritage. Since the trip was so arduous, and many were fleeing from poverty itself, settlers brought little with them and often had nothing of their personal history to hand down to their children. Clan societies and highland games have helped to correct this problem in the 20th century. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Baxters to arrive on North American shores:

Baxter Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Gregory Baxter, who landed in Massachusetts in 1630 [6]
  • John Baxter, who landed in Maryland in 1633 [6]
  • Robert Baxter, aged 21, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [6]
  • Jane Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636 [6]
  • William Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baxter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Richard Baxter, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [6]
  • Henry Baxter, a bonded passenger who arrived in Maryland in 1744
  • Barnaby Baxter, who settled in Maryland in 1774
Baxter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Robert Baxter, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 [6]
  • John, Baxter Jr., who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 [6]
  • George Baxter, who arrived in America in 1811 [6]
  • C Baxter, aged 26, who landed in Maryland in 1813 [6]
  • Guillermo Baxter, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Baxter migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Baxter Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Baxter, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mr. Elijah Baxter U.E. who settled in Norton, Kings County, New Brunswick c. 1783 he died in 1852 [7]
  • Mr. George Baxter U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [7]
  • Mr. Joseph Baxter U.E. who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783 [7]
  • Capt. Simon Baxter U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baxter Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Kennedy Baxter, who arrived in Canada in 1820
  • William Baxter, aged 28, who landed in Quebec in 1833
  • Mary Baxter, aged 18, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Protector" in 1834
  • William Baxter, aged 21, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • J Baxter, who arrived in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862

Australia Baxter migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Baxter Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Sarah Baxter, (Brickell, Susannah), British Convict who was convicted in Chester, Cheshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Experiment" on 4th December 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [8]
  • Mr. John Baxter, (b. 1802), aged 18, British Convict who was convicted in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Elizabeth" on 11th August 1820, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • Henry Baxter, a weaver, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Mr. John Baxter, (b. 1799), aged 28, Irish farmer's man who was convicted in County Down, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the “Countess of Harcourt“ on 14th February 1827, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [10]
  • Mr. John Baxter, (b. 1799), aged 28, Irish farmers man who was convicted in County Down, Ireland for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Countess of Harcourt" on 28th June 1827, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Baxter migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Baxter Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Baxter, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Earl Durham" arriving in Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand in 1841 [12]
  • Mr. William Baxter, British settler arriving as Detachment of the Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Sir George Symour" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 26th November 1847 [13]
  • Mr. Jas. Baxter, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Nourmahal" arriving in Dunedin, Otaga, South Island, New Zealand on 5th May 1858 [12]
  • Mr. R. Baxter, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Palmyra" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 19th February 1858 [13]
  • Mr. William Baxter, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 3rd November 1859 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Baxter (post 1700) +

  • Irvin Lee Baxter Jr. (1945-2020), American Oneness Pentecostal minister, televangelist, author, and biblical scholar
  • William "Bucky" Baxter (1955-2020), American guitarist, known for having played in Bob Dylan's Never Ending Tour during the 1990s
  • Irving Baxter (1876-1957), American two time gold and three time silver Olympic medalist for long, high and triple jump as well as pole vault
  • Meredith Baxter (b. 1947), American television actress
  • Warner Baxter (1889-1951), American actor
  • William Giles Baxter (1856-1888), English (American-born) cartoonist
  • Anne Baxter (1923-1985), American actor nominated for an Academy Award for her role in All About Eve
  • James Phinney Baxter III (1893-1975), American educator and Pulitzer Prize winning historian, president of Williams College (1937-1961)
  • George Baxter, Scottish founder of Baxters, an international food company, based in Fochabers, Moray, Scotland in 1868
  • Jim Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish footballer
  • ... (Another 13 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. George R. Baxter, British Musician from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [14]
  • Miss Annie May Baxter (1901-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [15]
Halifax Explosion
  • Ms. Jennie M. Baxter (1872-1917), Canadian resident from Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [16]
HMS Halsted
  • Mr. David Warnock Baxter (b. 1925), Scottish Royal Navy ordinary seaman from Ayrshire, Scotland was stationed aboard the "HMS Halsted" when it was struck by torpedo by Jaguar and Mowe of the Cherbourg coast on 11th June 1944, he did not survive
HMS Hood
  • Mr. John K Baxter (b. 1922), English Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Leeds, Yorkshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [17]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Thomas Baxter, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [18]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Sidney Baxter, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Cyril Baxter, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Arthur L Baxter, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [19]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. William Baxter, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [20]
  • Master William Baxter, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mrs. Annie E. Baxter, (née Ripley), Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [20]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Harry Ross Baxter (d. 1912), aged 51, English Third Class Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. Thomas Ferguson Baxter (d. 1912), aged 48, English Linen Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [21]
  • Mrs. Hélène Baxter, (née de Lanaudière-Chaput), aged 50, Canadian First Class passenger from Montreal, Quebec who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 6 [21]
  • Mr. Quigg Edmond Baxter (d. 1912), aged 24, Canadian First Class passenger from Montreal, Quebec who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [21]


The Baxter Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vincit veritas
Motto Translation: Truth conquers.


Suggested Readings for the name Baxter +

  • Ancestors and Descendants of Jonathan Burris and Mary Jemima Boardman, with Allied Families (including the Baxter Family).
  • Baxter-Short, Miller-Gill and Related Families by Mary Cynthia Baxter Harrell.

  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  3. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  4. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  5. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  6. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  7. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel-and-experiment
  9. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd March 2022). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/elizabeth
  10. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 19th April 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/countess-of-harcourt)
  11. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 19th April 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/countess-of-harcourt
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  14. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  15. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  16. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  17. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  18. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  19. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  20. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  21. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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