Baltoun History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Baltoun is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England with the Norman Conquest of 1066. Baltoun is a name that comes from the Germanic elements bald, which means bold, and wine, which means friend or protector.
Baldwin (d. 1098) was abbot and physician, "a monk of St. Denys, and was made prior of the monastery of Liberau, a cell of St. Denys, in Alsace. When Edward the Confessor refounded the monastery of Deerhurst and gave it to St. Denys, Baldwin was appointed prior of this new possession of his house. " 
"Baldwin of Moeles (d. 1100?) was the second son of Gilbert, count of Eu, who was a grandson of Richard the Fearless, and one of the guardians of the youth of William the Conqueror. " 
Baldwin (d. 1191), Archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Exeter of poor parents. "He received an excellent education, both in secular and religious learning, and bore a high character. "  "Archbishop Baldwin, who died at Tyre in 1191, while engaged on a crusade." 
Baldwin of Clare (fl. 1141) was the "youngest son of Gilbert Fitz-Richard, of the elder branch of the line of Gilbert, count of Eu, grandson of Richard the Fearless. Baldwin of Redvers (d. 1155) was the eldest son of Richard, earl of Devon, the son of Baldwin of Moeles. " 
Baldwin, the Count of Flanders (1172-1205), led the Fourth Crusade and became the first Latin Emperor of Constantinople (1204). Baldwin of Exeter or Baldwin of Forde (c.1125-1190) was Bishop of Worcester in 1180 and Archbishop of Canterbury between 1185 and 1190.
Early Origins of the Baltoun family
The surname Baltoun was first found in Shropshire, where this ancient family "was early seated at Diddlebury, (or Delbury,) in Coverdale, which appears to have come from the heiress of Wigley. Robert Baldwin of Diddlebury died anno 1398, and was ancestor of the family." 
"The Sieur de Baudewin, whose name occurs of the Roll [of Battle Abbey] became after the battle of Hastings Catellan of Montgomery. There scarcely exists a doubt that this Norman Chief was patriarch of the ancient family of Bawdewin, or Baldwyn. " 
"The parish [of Witsbury in Wiltshire] formed part of the possessions of Breamore Priory, founded by Baldwin de Redveriis in the reign of Henry I. It is situated on the highest land between Hants and Wilts, commanding an extensive view of the New Forest, and southward to the sea over a wide tract of fertile country." 
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list: Stephen filius Baldewyn in Cambridgeshire; Thomas Baldwyn in Oxfordshire; Robert Baldewyne in Cambridgeshire.  Later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Johannes Bawdwyn.
"Baldwin the Sheriff, or Baldwin de Redvers (otherwise De Sap, or De Brioniis), was the most important feudal lord in Devon. No fewer than 181 manors fell to his share in this county alone. Ninety-two fees were held of this barony. Here in the centre of his domains, in the very heart of Devon, commanding the passes to the north and west of Dartmoor, and dominating the district far away to the Severn Sea, he reared his castle. None of his masonry remains ; but the site is that which he chose, the mound is that which he scarped and isolated from the hillside, of which it formed a rocky spur ; and the surroundings have changed little from the day when the square Norman keep first frowned upon the brawling waters of the rapid Ockrent [River] in the valley below. " 
Early History of the Baltoun family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baltoun research. Another 87 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1905, 1545, 1563, 1632, 1547, 1532, 1593, 1640, 1644, 1620, 1696, 1691, 1659, 1618, 1683, 1659, 1585, 1500, 1295, 1307 and 1659 are included under the topic Early Baltoun History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Baltoun Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Baldwin, Baldwine, Baldwyn, Baldwyne, Baldwynn and others.
Early Notables of the Baltoun family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Baldwin (d. 1545), Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, a member of the Inner Temple.
William Baldwin or Bawden (1563-1632), was a Jesuit and native of Cornwall. Another William Baldwin (fl. 1547), was "a west-countryman, spent several years at Oxford in the study of logic and philosophy. He is supposed to be the William Baldwin who supplicated the congregation of regents for a master's...
Another 72 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baltoun Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Baltoun family to Ireland
Some of the Baltoun family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 185 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Baltoun family
Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Baltoun name or one of its variants: George Baldwin who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1620; Edward who settled in Virginia in 1650; and Richard in Boston in 1638. In Newfoundland, Mary and Richard were planters in 1724 in Placienta.
Related Stories +
The Baltoun Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Je n'oublierai pas
Motto Translation: I will never forget.
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
- ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
- ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)