Baldwine History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancestors of the Baldwine family migrated to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The surname Baldwine is based on the Germanic elements bald, which means bold, and wine, which means friend or protector.
Baldwin (d. 1098) was abbot and physician, "a monk of St. Denys, and was made prior of the monastery of Liberau, a cell of St. Denys, in Alsace. When Edward the Confessor refounded the monastery of Deerhurst and gave it to St. Denys, Baldwin was appointed prior of this new possession of his house. " 
"Baldwin of Moeles (d. 1100?) was the second son of Gilbert, count of Eu, who was a grandson of Richard the Fearless, and one of the guardians of the youth of William the Conqueror. " 
Baldwin (d. 1191), Archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Exeter of poor parents. "He received an excellent education, both in secular and religious learning, and bore a high character. "  "Archbishop Baldwin, who died at Tyre in 1191, while engaged on a crusade." 
Baldwin of Clare ( fl. 1141) was the "youngest son of Gilbert Fitz-Richard, of the elder branch of the line of Gilbert, count of Eu, grandson of Richard the Fearless. Baldwin of Redvers (d. 1155) was the eldest son of Richard, earl of Devon, the son of Baldwin of Moeles. " 
Baldwin, the Count of Flanders (1172-1205), led the Fourth Crusade and became the first Latin Emperor of Constantinople (1204). Baldwin of Exeter or Baldwin of Forde (c.1125-1190) was Bishop of Worcester in 1180 and Archbishop of Canterbury between 1185 and 1190.
Early Origins of the Baldwine family
The surname Baldwine was first found in Shropshire, where this ancient family "was early seated at Diddlebury, (or Delbury,) in Coverdale, which appears to have come from the heiress of Wigley. Robert Baldwin of Diddlebury died anno 1398, and was ancestor of the family." 
"The Sieur de Baudewin, whose name occurs of the Roll [of Battle Abbey] became after the battle of Hastings Catellan of Montgomery. There scarcely exists a doubt that this Norman Chief was patriarch of the ancient family of Bawdewin, or Baldwyn. " 
"The parish [of Witsbury in Wiltshire] formed part of the possessions of Breamore Priory, founded by Baldwin de Redveriis in the reign of Henry I. It is situated on the highest land between Hants and Wilts, commanding an extensive view of the New Forest, and southward to the sea over a wide tract of fertile country." 
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list: Stephen filius Baldewyn in Cambridgeshire; Thomas Baldwyn in Oxfordshire; Robert Baldewyne in Cambridgeshire.  Later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Johannes Bawdwyn.
"Baldwin the Sheriff, or Baldwin de Redvers (otherwise De Sap, or De Brioniis), was the most important feudal lord in Devon. No fewer than 181 manors fell to his share in this county alone. Ninety-two fees were held of this barony. Here in the centre of his domains, in the very heart of Devon, commanding the passes to the north and west of Dartmoor, and dominating the district far away to the Severn Sea, he reared his castle. None of his masonry remains ; but the site is that which he chose, the mound is that which he scarped and isolated from the hillside, of which it formed a rocky spur ; and the surroundings have changed little from the day when the square Norman keep first frowned upon the brawling waters of the rapid Ockrent [River] in the valley below. " 
Early History of the Baldwine family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baldwine research. Another 87 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1905, 1545, 1563, 1632, 1547, 1532, 1593, 1640, 1644, 1620, 1696, 1691, 1659, 1618, 1683, 1659, 1585, 1500, 1295, 1307 and 1659 are included under the topic Early Baldwine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Baldwine Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Baldwine were recorded, including Baldwin, Baldwine, Baldwyn, Baldwyne, Baldwynn and others.
Early Notables of the Baldwine family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Baldwin (d. 1545), Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, a member of the Inner Temple.
William Baldwin or Bawden (1563-1632), was a Jesuit and native of Cornwall. Another William Baldwin ( fl. 1547), was "a west-countryman, spent several years at Oxford in the study of logic and philosophy. He is supposed to be the William Baldwin who supplicated the congregation of regents for a master's...
Another 72 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baldwine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Baldwine family to Ireland
Some of the Baldwine family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 185 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Baldwine migration to the United States +
The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Baldwine arrived in North America very early:
Baldwine Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- John Baldwine, who landed in Virginia in 1623 
- Hugh Baldwine, who landed in Virginia in 1624 
Related Stories +
The Baldwine Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Je n'oublierai pas
Motto Translation: I will never forget.
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
- ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
- ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)