Balais History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
Balais is a name that was carried to England in the great wave of migration from Normandy following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a person who held the civil office of the same name in Normandy. The title 'Le Bailli' was approximately equal to that of Viscount or sheriff.  There was also a place named Bailleul-En-Vimeu which is about six miles south of Abbeyville in the Somme, Normandy from which some instances of the surname may have evolved. The name Balais is also an occupational name for a steward or official, deriving from "baiulivus" in Late Latin. In Scotland the word bailie, rather than bailiff is still used as the title for an officer in the courts.
Early Origins of the Balais family
The surname Balais was first found in Northumberland. However, there is still great controversy over the earliest origins of the name. There was great popular belief that the name was changed from Balliol, due to the unpopularity of the two Scottish Kings of that name. However, many historians, such as Bain, find no evidence for such a change, and cite very early instances of the name Baillie, such as William de Bailli, who appeared as a juror on an inquest concerning forfeited lands in Lothian around 1311-12. 
Early records of the Baillie Clan indicate that the aforementioned William de Bailli was also known as Baillie of Hoperig, who acquired the lands of Lamington in Lanarkshire. His son William was granted a charter confirming ownership of these same lands in 1358. Alexander, the eldest grandson of William and two brothers fled the country after they had beaten and killed their tutor. After serving in the army, Alexander received the lands of Dunain and Dochfour, and was appointed the Constable of Inverness. Another brother of Alexander's married a daughter of Sir Patrick Hume's in 1492, and from this union descended the Baillies of Jerviswood.
Important Dates for the Balais family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Balais research. Another 188 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1296, 1292, 1332, 1338, 1308, 1721, 1872, 1292, 1296, 1585, 1667, 1611, 1587, 1589, 1632, 1684, 1634, 1684, 1657, 1671, 1720, 1701, 1664, 1738, 1691, 1648, 1610, 1664, 1644, 1664, 1630 and are included under the topic Early Balais History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Balais Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries. For that reason, spelling variations are common among many Anglo-Norman names. The shape of the English language was frequently changed with the introduction of elements of Norman French, Latin, and other European languages; even the spelling of literate people's names were subsequently modified. Balais has been recorded under many different variations, including Baillie, Bailey, Bailie, Bayly, Bayley, Bailley, Baly, Ballye, Bayllie and many more.
Early Notables of the Balais family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Balliol King of Scotland from 1292-1296; Dr Richard Baylie (1585-1667), twice President of St John's College, Oxford, twice Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University and Dean of Salisbury; John Bayley (died 1611), an English politician, Mayor of Salisbury in 1587, Member of the Parliament for Salisbury in 1589; Robert Baillie of Jerviswood (1632-1684), a civil and religious reformer, eventually put to death for his outspokenness; Robert Baillie (Baillie of Jerviswood) (ca.1634-1684), a Scottish conspirator implicated in the Rye House Plot against King Charles...
Another 89 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Balais Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Balais family to Ireland
Some of the Balais family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 174 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Balais family
To escape the uncertainty of the political and religious uncertainty found in England, many English families boarded ships at great expense to sail for the colonies held by Britain. The passages were expensive, though, and the boats were unsafe, overcrowded, and ridden with disease. Those who were hardy and lucky enough to make the passage intact were rewarded with land, opportunity, and social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families went on to be important contributors to the young nations of Canada and the United States where they settled. Balaiss were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America: Mary Bailey, who was listed as being in Virginia in the year 1619; Jonas Bailey, who was recorded in Maine in 1634; James Baillou who settled in Georgia in 1733 with his wife and son, Elizabeth, Mathew, Matty, Stewart, William Bailie, who all arrived in Philadelphia in 1804. John, Joseph, Mathew, Robert, Samuel, Thomas, Walter, William Bailey, who arrived in Pennsylvania between 1770 and 1840. Several of the name came to Newfoundland. Among them were Richard Bayly, who settled in Bay de Verde in 1675.
- ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)