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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


Axford is a name of ancient Norman origin. It arrived in England with the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Axford family lived at Axford, in the county of Wiltshire. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Old English words aesc and ford, meaning ash tree and ford.

Axford Early Origins



The surname Axford was first found in Wiltshire at Axford, a hamlet in the Kennet Valley which dates back to 1184 when it was listed as Axeford. The place name literally means "ford by the ash-trees," having derived from the Old English words "aesc" + "ford." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The family held a family seat at Ramsbury from ancient times. Today, Ramsbury is a village and civil parish that includes the hamlet Axford. It was originally spelt Ramesberrie. Ramsbury at the time of the Domesday Book was one of the larger holdings in the county of Wiltshire and consisted of 10 Mills. It was held by the Bishop of Salisbury. It also included Axford's Farm, from which the Axford family name is conjecturally descended. Axford's Farm is noted for its water mill. Axford is also a village in Hampshire, part of the civil parish of Nutley.

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Axford Spelling Variations


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Axford Spelling Variations



Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Axford, Acksford, Ackford, Hackford, Hacksford, Hawksford, Hawkford, Hawkesford and many more.

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Axford Early History


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Axford Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Axford research. Another 83 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 121 and 1216 are included under the topic Early Axford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Axford Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Axford Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Axford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, travelling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Axford or a variant listed above:

Axford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Richard Axford who landed in Maryland in 1660
  • Ephraim Axford who settled in Virginia in 1670

Axford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • William Axford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cressy" in 1847
  • Robert Axford, aged 19, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Surge"
  • William James Axford, aged 24, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Surge"

Axford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Elizabeth Axford arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jura" in 1861
  • Ann Axford arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jura" in 1861
  • James Axford arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jura" in 1861

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Contemporary Notables of the name Axford (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Axford (post 1700)



  • William Axford, American politician, Member of Michigan State House of Representatives from Oakland County, 1850; Delegate to Michigan State Constitutional Convention, 1850
  • W. Homer Axford, American politician, Mayor of Bayonne, New Jersey, 1919-23
  • Samuel Axford Jr. (1809-1882), American Democrat politician, Member of Michigan State House of Representatives from Oakland County, 1842; Member of Michigan State Senate 6th District, 1851-52
  • Samuel Axford, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Michigan State Constitutional Convention 6th District, 1835; Member of Michigan State House of Representatives from Macomb County, 1839-40, 1843
  • John Nelson Axford (b. 1880), American Democrat politician, Clothing merchant; Mayor of Owosso, Michigan, 1936-38
  • John Axford, American politician, Delegate to Michigan State Constitutional Convention 6th District, 1835
  • Craig Axford, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Utah 1st District, 2002
  • Samuel M. Axford, American politician, 11th Mayor of the City of Flint, Michigan (1868-1869)
  • Sir William Ian Axford FRS FRSNZ (1933-2010), New Zealand space scientist, Director of the Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy, Germany (1974 to 1990)
  • Sergeant Thomas Leslie "Jack" Axford VC, MM (1894-1983), Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Axford Family Crest Products


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Axford Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)

Other References

  1. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  2. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  3. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  5. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  8. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  9. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  10. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  11. ...

The Axford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Axford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 6 October 2015 at 10:11.

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