Auchland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The ancestors of the Auchland surname lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. The name comes from when they lived in or near a prominent grove of oak trees. The name Auchland literally means oak-land. The branch of the family that originated in Devon is said to have been named for a particular grove near their seat at Acland Barton in Landkey.
"Akland, in Landkey, near Barnstaple, is the first seat of the Acland family, and has been held by them from the twelfth century." 
Early Origins of the Auchland family
The surname Auchland was first found in Devon, where "Acland, which gave name to this ancient family, is now a farm in the parish of Landkey." 
"Acland, or rather Aukeland, as taking name from a grove of oaks, for by such an one the house is seated, and hath given name and long habitation to the clarous family of Aclands, which have many ages here flourished in a worshipful degree." 
Hugh de Accalen is the first recorded ancestor in 1155. The aforementioned farm still exists and is about 3/4 mile north-east of the village of Landkey. "The ancient family of Acland for nearly three centuries have made their home in the vicinity of Exeter. Sir John Acland was the builder of the house at Columbjohn, which gave title to the baronetcy at its creation in 1644, and which was garrisoned by its owner for the King. At one time it contained the only Royalist garrison in the county; but in March, 1646, it was the headquarters of Sir Thomas Fairfax. This mansion has been destroyed, and the present seat of the Aclands is at Killerton, in the same parish of Broad Clyst. Originally built in the year 1788, Killerton was greatly enlarged and improved by its late owner, Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, to whom the distinguished honour was paid of the erection of a statue on Northernhay, Exeter, in his lifetime, ' as a tribute for private worth and public integrity, and in testimony of admiration of a generous heart and open hand, which have been ever ready to protect the weak, to relieve the needy, and to succour the oppressed of whatever party, race, or creed.' The Aclands take their second name of Dyke as representatives of the old Somersetshire family of that name." 
Some of the family were found in Cornwall. "The manor of Crugantarran, or Cragantallan, which is partly in this parish and partly in Newlyn, belonged to the Arundells of Trerice. It is now the property of Sir Thomas Dyke Ackland, bart." 
Early History of the Auchland family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Auchland research. Another 142 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1155, 1644, 1553, 1613, 1626, 1591, 1647, 1573, 1610, 1649, 1636, 1655, 1672, 1714, 1697, 1728, 1722, 1785, 1714, and 1818 are included under the topic Early Auchland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Auchland Spelling Variations
Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Auchland include Acland, Aukland, Aclands, Ackland, Acklands and many more.
Early Notables of the Auchland family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include John VI Acland (died 1553) who was described as "the first of the (Acland) family to emerge from the shadows of history as a visible human being."
Sir John Acland (d. 1613), was the second son of John Acland, of Acland in Landkey, Devonshire. "From his mother he obtained considerable landed property in the neighbourhood of London, and increased his fortune by marrying Elizabeth, the daughter of George Rolle, of Stevenston, in Devon, and the widow of Robert Mallet, of Woolleigh in the same county. " 
Anthony Acland (died 1626), was an English...
Another 137 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Auchland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Auchland family
A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants: George and Mary Ackland who settled in Virginia in 1623; Mary Ackland settled in the same state 1638; Thomas Ackland settled in Somers Island in 1662.
Related Stories +
The Auchland Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: Unshaken.
- ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
- ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
- ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print