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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


From the historical and enchanting region of Scotland emerged a multitude of noble families, including the distinguished Armstrong family. The Armstrong surname is thought to come from the Middle English words "strong" and "arm," and has also been rendered in Gaelic as MacGhillielaidir.

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The surname Armstrong was first found in Cumberland. This well known Border surname is derived from the Norman surname "Fortenbras" and is an instance of a surname assumed from a personal attribute, strength of arm. It is said that a Fairbairn, armour bearer to the King of Scotland, lifted the King back onto his horse with one arm, after the King had been unseated in battle. The King then granted him lands in Liddesdale and bestowed on him the name of Armstrong. Although this legend may be true in part, the Armstrongs were of greater nobility than armour bearers. Perhaps the earliest recorded record is of Adam Armstrong, who was pardoned at Carlisle in 1235 for causing the death of another man. William Armestrangh served on an inquisition in the same city in 1274.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Armstrong, Armstrang, Armestrang, Harmestrang and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Armstrong research. Another 519 words (37 lines of text) covering the years 1328, 1342, 1363, 1376, 1529, 1587, 1610, 1602, 1658, 1662, 1633, 1684, 1683 and 1672 are included under the topic Early Armstrong History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Notable among the family at this time was William Armstrong (c.1602-c.1658), known as Christie's Will, a Scottish Borders freebooter of the 17th century, celebrated in a ballad by Sir Walter Scott; Colonel Sir Thomas Armstrong (died 1662), a Scottish soldier who fought in the 30 Years War in the Netherlands, a...

Another 77 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Armstrong Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Armstrong family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 183 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Armstrong Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Katherin Armstrong, who arrived in America in 1635
  • Gregory Armstrong, who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1643
  • Margarett Armstrong, who landed in Maryland in 1650
  • Fra Armstrong, who landed in Virginia in 1652
  • Geo Armstrong, who landed in Virginia in 1654
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Armstrong Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Christiann Armstrong, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1710
  • David Armstrong, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1717
  • David Armstrong, who arrived in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1717
  • John William Armstrong, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1717
  • Rufus Armstrong, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1717
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Armstrong Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Mathw Armstrong, aged 23, landed in Delaware in 1803
  • Joseph Armstrong, who landed in America in 1803
  • Charles Armstrong, who landed in New York, NY in 1803
  • Alexander Armstrong, aged 29, landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1803
  • Alexander Armstrong, aged 29, arrived in America in 1803
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Armstrong Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • John Robert Armstrong, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1908
  • William Smith Armstrong, who arrived in Wisconsin in 1918

Armstrong Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Andrew Armstrong, who was constable of the Ferryland district, Newfoundland, in 1730
  • Christopher Armstrong, who arrived in Prince Edward Island in 1774
  • Mr Al Welch Armstrong, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Edwardsburgh [Township of Edwardsburgh/Cardinal], Ontario c. 1783 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr Edward Armstrong, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Canada c. 1783 order in council May 12, 1808 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr Jesse Armstrong, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Canada c. 1783 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • ...

Armstrong Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Sophia Armstrong, who arrived in Canada in 1823
  • Thomas Armstrong, who arrived in Canada in 1823
  • Elizabeth Armstrong, who arrived in Canada in 1823
  • Jane Armstrong, who landed in Canada in 1823
  • Janny Armstrong, who arrived in Canada in 1823
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Armstrong Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Charles Armstrong "Charles Johnston", aged 18, Irish convict from Tyrone, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on August 24, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • John Armstrong, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • John Armstrong, a plasterer, arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • John Armstrong, aged 30, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Palmyra" in 1839
  • Veronica Armstrong, aged 29, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Palmyra" in 1839
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Armstrong Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Robert Armstrong landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • John Armstrong arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
  • Aurora Armstrong, aged 22, arrived in Nelson aboard the ship "Indus" in 1843
  • Martha Armstrong arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lord Burleigh" in 1856
  • Douglas Armstrong, aged 38, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alma" in 1857
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  • Neill Ford Armstrong (1926-2016), American NFL and CFL football player and coach
  • William Lester "Bill" Armstrong (1937-2016), American businessman and politician, United States Senator from Colorado (1979-1991)
  • Theodore Robert "Bob" Armstrong (1933-2016), American basketball player who played from 1956 to 1957 for the Philadelphia Warriors
  • Robert Landis "Bob" Armstrong (1932-2015), American Democratic politician and an environmental activist, 24th Commissioner of the General Land Office (1971-1983), Member of the Texas House of Representatives (1963-1971)
  • David Armstrong (1954-2014), American photographer based in New York
  • James Isbell Armstrong (1919-2013), American academic, President of Middlebury College (1963-1975)
  • Robert Golden "R.G." Armstrong Jr. (1917-2012), American actor and playwright
  • Brigadier-General Paul Galloway Armstrong (1890-1958), American Director of Selective Service Illinois
  • Lieutenant-General Frank Alton Jr. Armstrong (1902-1969), American Commander-in-Chief of the Alaskan Command, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska (1956-1961)
  • Brigadier-General Donald Armstrong (1889-1984), American Commandant Army Industrial College (1944-1946)
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Armstrong Historic Events



Flight 191

  • Mrs. R Armstrong, American passenger from Los Angeles, California, USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash on May 25, 1979

Hillcrest Coal Mine

  • Mr. James Armstrong (1878-1914), Scottish Timber Packer from Lochfitty Beath, Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse on June 19 1914

HMAS Sydney II

  • Mr. Harold James Armstrong (1917-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman from Geelong West, Victoria, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Norman Armstrong (b. 1920), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Usworth, County Durham, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking
  • Mr. John C Armstrong (b. 1911), English Leading Stoker serving for the Royal Navy from Lemington, Northumberland, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Sidney Armstrong, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking
  • Mr. Alfred Armstrong, British Boy 1st Class, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Joseph Armstrong, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking
  • Mr. G K Armstrong, British Sub Lieutenant, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking
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  • Ancestry Descendants of Daniel F. Armstrong and Sarah Nutter by Evelyn Crawford Fenton.
  • Armstrong Ancestry: A Genealogy of the Descendants of Robert R. Armstrong by John Edward Armstrong.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Invictus maneo
Motto Translation: I remain unvanquished.

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Armstrong Clan Badge
Armstrong Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Armstrong
Armestrang, Armstrang, Armstrong, Armystrang, Cozier, Cozzier, Crosar, Crosier, Crossar, Crossier, Croyser, Crozer, Crozier, Crozuer, Fairbain, Fairbairn, Fairbairns, Fairbaorne, Fairbaourn, Fairbaourne, Fairbarn, Fairbarns, Fairbaurn, Fairbayrne, Fairbirn, Fairborn, Fairborne, Fairborns, Fairbourn, Fairbourne, Fairburn, Fairburns, Fairbyrne, Fairebain, Fairebairn, Fairebairns, Fairebaorne, Fairebaourn, Fairebarn, Fairebaurn, Fairebayrne, Fairebirn, Faireborne, Faireborns, Fairebourn, Fairebourne, Faireburn, Faireburns, Fairebyrne, Farebain and more.

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Citations



  1. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Other References

  1. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  2. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  3. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  4. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  5. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  6. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  8. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  9. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  10. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  11. ...

The Armstrong Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Armstrong Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 26 August 2016 at 05:07.

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