Early Origins of the Arkdell family
The surname Arkdell was first found in Norfolk
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Norton Subcourse, which was held principally by Jocelyn of Norwich, a Norman freeman of the King, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086. Succeeded were the Archdales of Norton Hall.
Early History of the Arkdell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arkdell research.Another 295 words (21 lines of text) covering the years 1000, 1610, 1000, 1635, 1810, 1642, 1717, 1695, 1696, 1172, 1610, 1614, 1641, 1689, 1700 and 1928 are included under the topic Early Arkdell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Arkdell Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations
are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Archdale, Archdall, Archdell, Arkdale, Arkdell and others.
Early Notables of the Arkdell family (pre 1700)
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arkdell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Arkdell family to Ireland
Some of the Arkdell family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 315 words (22 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Arkdell family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England
at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Arkdell or a variant listed above: Ann Archdale, who settled in Carolina in 1682; Bryan Archdale, who arrived in Canada in 1827; Jela A. Archdale, who settled in Montana in 1887-1900; Thomas Archdale, who arrived in South Carolina in 1670-1683.
The Arkdell Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Data fata secutus
Motto Translation: Following my destiny.