Airley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Airley comes from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It was a name for a male who was of manly character. The surname Airley originally derived from the Old English word Eorlic which referred to one who displayed manly characteristics. The surname Airley belongs to a broad and miscellaneous class of surnames. Nickname surnames referred to a characteristic of the first person who used the name. They can describe the bearer's favored style of clothing, appearance, habits, or character. Often nicknames described strong traits or attributes that people wished to emulate in a specific animal.

Early Origins of the Airley family

The surname Airley was first found in Somerset where one of the first records of the name was John de Earlea who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1162. A few years later, William de Erlega was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Sussex in 1190 and John de Erley was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Berkshire in 1230. [1] Bardsley claims the name was a local name "of Earley, a parish in the diocese of Oxford." [2] He quotes another contemporary source "Lower says 'A liberty in the parish of Sonning, co. Berks.' " [2] The latter Berkshire local was confirmed by Reaney. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list the following found in Somerset: Clemens Erleghe; Phillip Erlee; and Warin Erlee. [2] The Berkshire local is the only one we could find today.

Important Dates for the Airley family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Airley research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 127 and 1273 are included under the topic Early Airley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Airley Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Airley has undergone many spelling variations, including Early, Erlegh, Erlee, Erly, Earley, Erle, Erley, Arlie and many more.

Early Notables of the Airley family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Airley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Airley family to Ireland

Some of the Airley family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Airley migration to the United States

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Airley were among those contributors:

Airley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • William Airley, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1836
  • Edward Airley, who settled in Philadelphia in 1847

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Citations

  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
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