The earliest forms of hereditary surnames
were the patronymic
surnames, which are derived from the father's given name, and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the mother's given name. Scottish patronymic names emerged as early as the mid-9th century. The patronyms were derived from a variety of given names that were of many different origins. The surname Adares is derived from the given name Edgar,
which means prosperity.
Early Origins of the Adares family
The surname Adares was first found in Galloway
(Gaelic: Gall-ghaidhealaibh), an area of southwestern Scotland
, now part of the Council Area of Dumfries and Galloway
, that formerly consisted of the counties of Wigtown
(West Galloway) and Kirkcudbright (East Galloway). Tradition has it that the foundation of the family of Adair of Dunskey and Kinhilt originated from a fugitive son of Fitzgerald, Earl Desmond of Adair in Ireland
. Desmond was descended from Otto Geraldino, a Norman noble who accompanied William, Duke of Normandy
in 1066. He also accompanied Strongbow
in 1172, and became Earl of Desmond. He settled in Kirkcudbright and Wigtown.
Early History of the Adares family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Adares research.Another 262 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1655, 1722, 1688, 1614, 1625, 1694, 1641, 1622, 1630, 1630, 1640, 1641, 1647 and are included under the topic Early Adares History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Adares Spelling Variations
The frequent translations of surnames from and into Gaelic, accounts for the multitude of spelling variations
found in Scottish surnames. Furthermore, the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent because medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. The different versions of a surname, such as the inclusion of the patronymic
prefix "Mac", frequently indicated a religious or Clan
affiliation, or even a division of the family. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into Scotland, accelerating accentuating the alterations to various surnames. The name Adares has also been spelled Adair, Odeir, Edzear, Edgar, Adare and others.
Early Notables of the Adares family (pre 1700)
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Adares Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Adares family to Ireland
Some of the Adares family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 194 words (14 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Adares family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first North American settlers with Adares name or one of its variants: Alice Adair, who settled in Charles Town SC
in 1776; Ann Adair settled in New York State, in 1774; James Adair settled in Pennsylvania in 1771.
The Adares Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Loyal au mort
Motto Translation: Faithful unto death.