Nicolas History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The surname is one of the oldest family names to came from that French region known as Brittany. It is derived from the Latin personal name Nicolaus, meaning victory people.

Early Origins of the Nicolas family

The surname Nicolas was first found in Brittany where they held a family seat in the seigneurie of Trévidy. They were members of the nobility since the year 1497. In Brittany they also branched to Champgèrault, Fardelière, Kerviziou, and Lézernant.

Important Dates for the Nicolas family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nicolas research. Another 78 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1820, 1501, 1516, 1598, 1617, 1682, 1625, 1709, 1625 and 1695 are included under the topic Early Nicolas History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Nicolas Spelling Variations

Most surnames have experienced slight spelling changes. A son may not chose to spell his name the same way that his father did. Many were errors, many deliberate. During the early development of the French language, a person usually gave his version, phonetically, to a scribe, a priest, or a recorder. Prefixes or suffixes varied. They were optional as they passed through the centuries, or were adopted by different branches to signify either a political or religious adherence. Hence, there a many spelling variations of the name Nicolas, including Nicolas, De Nicolas, Nicolis, Nicolaz, Nicolais, Nicolai, Nicola, Nicolay, Nicolau, Nicolaud, Nicolaus, DeNicolai and many more.

Early Notables of the Nicolas family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst this name at this time was Louis Nicolas (died 1682), French missionary in Canada, author of the books "Histoire Naturelle des Indes Occidentales" and the "Grammaire algonquine"; Gabriel Nicolas...
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nicolas Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Nicolas migration to the United States

France was active as a cultural leader in the early 16th century. One particular area in which they lead was the exploration of the New World. The explorers, like Jacques Cartier in 1534, led the way to North America. Champlain, in 1608, made the first of twenty voyages to France to attract settlers and brought the first migrant in 1617. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec, and the French Acadian presence in the Maritimes had reached 500. The French founded Lower Canada, thus becoming one of the two great founding nations of Canada. The family name Nicolas has made many distinguished contributions in France and New France to the world of science, culture, religion, and education. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Nicolas were

Nicolas Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Augustine Nicolas, who landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621 [1]
  • Austin Nicolas, who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1621 [1]
Nicolas Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • William Nicolas, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [1]
  • Claude Nicolas, aged 19, who arrived in Louisiana in 1719 [1]
  • Johannes Nicolas, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1752 [1]
  • Francois Nicolas, who landed in Annapolis, Maryland in 1763 [1]
  • Antoine Nicolas, who arrived in Mobile, AL in 1786
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Nicolas Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Jose Nicolas, who arrived in Puerto Rico in 1816 [1]
  • Alexander Nicolas, aged 29, who arrived in Missouri in 1840 [1]
  • Catalina Nicolas, aged 22, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1841 [1]
  • Nicolas Nicolas, aged 26, who landed in Missouri in 1849 [1]
  • William Nicolas, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1851 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Nicolas migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Nicolas Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Etienne Nicolas who arrived in Quebec in 1750 from Aunis near Bordeaux

Nicolas migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Nicolas Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Jane Nicolas, (b. 1825), aged 24, Cornish dairymaid departing from Plymouth21st December 1848 aboard the ship "General Palmer" arriving in Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia on 10th April 1849 [2]

Contemporary Notables of the name Nicolas (post 1700)

  • François Nicolas de Salomon, French Divisional General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [3]
  • Jean Nicolas, French Brigadier General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [4]
  • Paul Nicolas (1899-1959), French football player
  • Auguste Nicolas (1807-1888), French Roman Catholic apologetical writer
  • Jean Edouard Marie Nicolas (1913-1978), French football player
  • Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas (1799-1848), English antiquary, made a knight of the Royal Guelphic Order, and a chancellor and knight-commander of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1832
  • Mr. David Nicolas Whal M.B.E.,, British recipient of Member of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018, for services to UK/France relations [5]
  • Dr. Robert Nicolas Gent C.B.E., (b. 1960), British Consultant for Health Protection and Deputy Head for Emergency Response Department for Public Health England, was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018, for services to Health Protection [6]
  • Peter Nicolas Eastgate (b. 1985), Danish poker player, winner of the Main Event at the 2008 World Series of Poker
  • Simon Nicolas Streatfeild (b. 1929), English-born, Canadian violist, conductor and teacher

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  3. ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, September 11) François Nicolas. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html
  4. ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, June 16) Jean Nicolas. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html
  5. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62310, 31 October 2019 | London Gazette, The Gazette, June 2018, https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/62310/supplement/B1
  6. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
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