Leach History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Leach is rooted in the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It is a name for someone who worked as a doctor. Throughout the Middle Ages, doctors were known as "leaches" as the practice of bleeding sick people was the generally accepted manner of curing them. There are countless people in the Middle Ages who died thanks to the common cold; not because the virus killed them, but because they bled to death on the advice of their physicians. Bleeding was accomplished by placing a dozen or so leaches on the person who was ill so that they could remove the poisons that were making them ill, hence the name "leach" for the occupation of doctor. It is small wonder that illness was so feared in the medieval period; many people died from illnesses that would not have otherwise killed them because their doctors were weakening them through loss of blood.

Since the 1970s, Hirudo medicinalis, better known as the European medicinal leech has been routinely used to drain blood after reconstructive surgery, particularly in finger reattachment and reconstructive surgery of the ear, nose, lip, and eyelid.

Early Origins of the Leach family

The surname Leach was first found in Oxfordshire where the earliest records of the family were found as Edmund le Leche and William le Leche who were both listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. A few years later, Robert le Leche was listed in the Writs of Parliament of 1307. [1]

Further north in Scotland, many records were found including: Henry Leche held a tenement in Glasgow in 1325. "Henry Leche, is later referred to in a safe conduct by Edward III of England in 1348 as "Hector medicus David de Bruys." From another reference to him in 1369, he turns out to be a MacBeth, perhaps one of the family of hereditary doctors of that name so famous in West Highland history. Wilham de Lech or Leche was burgess of Aberdeen, 1362. He may be William Leche, merchant of Aberdeen, whose goods were plundered in England, 1370, when his ship was driven ashore in Kirklee Rode, Suffolk." [2] They also settled in Monteith where they gave their name to Leitchtown.

Important Dates for the Leach family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Leach research. Another 61 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1150 and are included under the topic Early Leach History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Leach Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Leach are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Leach include: Leach, Leech, Leche, Leitch, Leich, Leetch and others.

Early Notables of the Leach family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Leach Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Leach family to Ireland

Some of the Leach family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Leach migration to the United States

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Leach or a variant listed above:

Leach Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Lawrence Leach, who settled in Salem in 1628
  • Lawrence Leach, who landed in New England in 1628 [3]
  • Margaret Leach, aged 15, who landed in America in 1635 [3]
  • Margaret Leach, who settled in Boston in 1635
  • Roger Leach, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Leach Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Archibald Leach, who arrived in North Carolina in 1794 [3]
Leach Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Leach, who landed in America in 1800 [3]
  • George Leach, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1806 [3]
  • Dugald Leach, aged 30, who arrived in North Carolina in 1812 [3]
  • Isaac Leach, who landed in New York, NY in 1827 [3]
  • William Leach, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Leach Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Thomas Albert Lorue Leach, who arrived in Michigan in 1903 [3]

Leach migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Leach Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Eliz Leach, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Thomas Leach, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • James Leach, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Sgt. James Leach U.E. (b. 1748) born in Windham, Connecticut, USA from Connecticut, USA who settled in York County, New Brunswick c. 1787 he served in the Prince of Wales American Regiment, married to Mary Pringle having 1 child, he died in 1810 in Vermont [4]
Leach Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Richard Leach, who landed in Canada in 1816

Leach migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Leach Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Isaac Leach, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • William Leach, English convict from Kent, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 29, 1828, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Thomas Leach, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848 [7]
  • James Leach, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Adelaide" on August 08, 1849, settling in Van Diemen's Land and Port Phillip, Australia [8]
  • Roger Leach, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Gipsy Queen" in 1850 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Leach migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Leach Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Leach, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • George Leach, aged 44, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
  • Mary Leach, aged 46, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
  • William Leach, aged 19, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
  • Alfred Leach, aged 17, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Leach (post 1700)

  • Archibald Alexander "Archie" Leach (1904-1986), birth name of English-born, American actor Cary Grant named the second Greatest Male Star of All Time by the American Film Institute
  • W. J. Leach, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Texas, 1940 [10]
  • W. G. Leach, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Tennessee, 1936 [10]
  • Samuel Leach, American Democrat politician, Presidential Elector for Illinois, 1836 [10]
  • W. D. Leach, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Minnesota, 1912 [10]
  • Russell Leach, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1968 [10]
  • Roy Leach, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1952 (alternate), 1956 [10]
  • Robert J. Leach, American Republican politician, Chair of Hancock County Republican Party, 1983 [10]
  • Reuben Leach, American politician, Member of California State Assembly 21st District, 1862-63, 1865-67 [10]
  • Owen Leach, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Alabama, 1972 [10]
  • ... (Another 78 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Leach family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Harold G Leach (b. 1908), English Mechanician 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Marylebone, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [11]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. John Catterall Leach (b. 1894), MVO & DSO, English Captain from England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Eric Charles Leach (1920-1939), British Stoker 2nd Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. John Neil Leach, Jamaican Waiter from Kingston, Jamaica, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. John F. Leach, English Waiter from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [14]

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Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 24) Albion voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1828 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1828
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BOLTON 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Bolton.htm
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Port Phillip, Australia in 1849 with 303 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1849
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) GIPSY QUEEN 1850. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850GipsyQueen.htm
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 28) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  11. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  12. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  13. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  14. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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