The Lafford family history stretches back to the clans of the Dalriadan kingdom on the sea-swept Hebrides
islands and mountainous western coast of Scotland
. The name Lafford is derived from the personal name Lachlann.
The Gaelic form of the name is Mac Lachlainn,
denoting the son of Lachlann.
Although most feel Lachlan Mor, a great Chief who lived by Loch Fyne in the thirteenth century, is the Clan
founder, the legend of descent from the ancient Gaelic King, Niall of the Nine Hostages, who reigned in 400 AD, offers some clues as to the clan's early origins. Lochlann, in old Gaelic means literally, 'Norway,' and was the favorite Christian name of the royal house of O'Neill in Northern Ireland
, a house descended from Niall of the Nine hostages, and said to be the family with the oldest history in Europe. A branch of the O'Neill's took the surname MacLochlain and soon became rival Kings to the O'Neills. King Brian O'Neill slew the last King Domnall MacLochlainn. His son Anrothan, who was ancestor of the MacLachlans in Scotland
, married the daughter of the King of Scots, thereby gaining the inheritance of Cowall and Knapdale in Scotland. Anrothan MacLachlan was progenitor of the MacLachlans of Strathlachlan, the Lamonts, the Lyons, the MacSorleys, the MacEwans, and the MacMillans. It was in the mid-twelfth century that each of these branches separated into distinct entities.
Early Origins of the Lafford family
The surname Lafford was first found in Argyllshire
(Gaelic erra Ghaidheal), the region of western Scotland
corresponding roughly with the ancient Kingdom of Dál Riata, in the Strathclyde region of Scotland
, now part of the Council Area of Argyll and Bute
, where this Clan
first settled in Scotland
in 1100 when Lachlan was heir of Fergus, Lord of Galloway
. In 1238, a charter recorded Lachlan Mor's father increasing the endowment to Paisley Abbey.
When, in 1292, King John Baliol erected Argyll into a sheriffdom, Gillescop MacLachlan was one of the twelve principal barons whose land it encompassed. In 1296, Ewen MacLachlan was forced to swear loyalty to the English King Edward I, but this loyalty was formally changed back to Scotland in 1305, when Gillescop MacLachlan, like his neighbors the Campbells, swore allegiance to Robert the Bruce. Gillescop was a member of the Barons of Bruce's first parliament at St. Andrews, in 1308. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
King John of England (reigned: 1199-1216) was also known as John Lackland from the Norman French, "Johan sanz Terre" or "John without land."
Early History of the Lafford family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lafford research.Another 189 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1292, 1600 and are included under the topic Early Lafford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Lafford Spelling Variations
Spelling in the medieval era was a highly imprecise process. Translation, particularly from Gaelic to English, was little better. For these reasons, early Scottish names are rife with spelling variations
. In various documents Lafford has been spelled MacLachlan, Lachlan, MacLachlane, McGlothan, McGlothin, MacLauchlan, MacLauchlane, MacLauchlin, MacLaughlin, Lauchlan and many more.
Early Notables of the Lafford family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Lafford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Lafford family to Ireland
Some of the Lafford family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 109 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Lafford family to the New World and Oceana
Settlers from Scotland
put down roots in communities all along the east coast of North America. Some moved north from the American colonies to Canada as United Empire Loyalists during the American War of Independence
. As Clan
societies and highland games started in North America in the 20th century many Scots rediscovered parts of their heritage. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Lafford were among those contributors: William Lachlan, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1847; Thomas Laughlin settled in Virginia in 1654; Adam Laughlin settled in New England
in 1805; John Laughlin settled in Pennsylvania in 1823.
Contemporary Notables of the name Lafford (post 1700)
- Joseph F. Lafford, American Republican politician, Member of New Hampshire State House of Representatives from Concord 1st Ward; Elected 1956 CITATION[CLOSE]
The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, February 1) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
The Lafford Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fortis et fidus
Motto Translation: Brave and trusty.