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The surname Keogh originally appeared in Gaelic as "O hEochaidh" or "Mac Eochaidh," derived from an Irish personal name "Eachaidh," meaning a "horseman."

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The surname Keogh was first found in Tipperary (Irish: Thiobraid Árann), established in the 13th century in South-central Ireland, in the province of Munster, where they held a family seat from ancient times at Ballymackeogh, and were descended from the MacKeoghs who in turn were descended from their eponymous ancestor Eochaidh O'Kelly one of the ancient Kings of Ui Maine.

People who were accounted for by scribes and church officials often had their name recorded many different ways because pronunciation was the only guide those scribes and church officials had to go by. This resulted in the problem of one person's name being recorded under several different variations, creating the illusion of more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Keogh that are preserved in archival documents are Hoey, O'Hoey, Hoy, Hue, Kehoe, Keogh, MacKeogh and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Keogh research. Another 273 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1534, 1653, 1725, 1798, 1828, 1893, 1534, 1653, 1725 and 1798 are included under the topic Early Keogh History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 71 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Keogh Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Irish families left their homeland in astonishing numbers during the 19th century in search of a better life. Although individual reasons vary, most of these Irish families suffered from extreme poverty, lack of work opportunities, and exorbitant rents in their homeland. Many decided to travel to Australia or North America in the hopes of finding greater opportunities and land. The Irish immigrants that came to North America initially settled on the East Coast, often in major centers such as Boston or New York. But like the many other cultures to settle in North America, the Irish traveled to almost any region they felt held greater promise; as a result, many Irish with gold fever moved all the way out to the Pacific coast. Others before that time left for land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula, or the Maritimes as United Empire Loyalists, for many Irish did choose to side with the English during the American War of Independence. The earliest wave of Irish migration, however, occurred during the Great Potato Famine of the 1840s. An examination of early immigration and passenger lists has revealed many people bearing the Keogh name:

Keogh Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • John Keogh, who arrived in Leeward Islands in 1721
  • Mathew Keogh, who landed in America in 1795
  • Mathias Keogh, who arrived in America in 1795

Keogh Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Patrick Keogh, aged 38, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1812
  • Mary Keogh, who arrived in New York, NY in 1812
  • J Keogh, who arrived in New York, NY in 1812
  • Edward Keogh, born in county Wexford, settled at Stone Island in 1816
  • Michael Keogh, who landed in New York in 1830


Keogh Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Michael Keogh, aged 25, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Wanderer"
  • Margaret Keogh arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Flora" in 1851
  • Honora Keogh, aged 23, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Wanderer" in 1851
  • Michael Keogh, aged 25, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Wanderer" in 1851
  • Pat. Keogh, aged 35, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Chatham"


Keogh Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • John Keogh arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alfred" in 1864
  • Mary Keogh arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alfred" in 1864
  • John Keogh, aged 26, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alfred" in 1864
  • Mary Keogh, aged 24, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Alfred" in 1864
  • Patrick Keogh, aged 26, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Reiherstieg" in 1864


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  • Martin J. Keogh, American politician, Justice of New York Supreme Court, 1897-1903, 1910-20 (2nd District 1897-1903, 9th District 1910-20)
  • Kevin Keogh, American Republican politician, Maine Republican State Chair, 1997
  • Joseph F. Keogh (1932-1996), American politician, Member of Louisiana State House of Representatives, 1964-68; State Court Judge in Louisiana, 1984-96
  • John Belfort Keogh, American politician, U.S. Vice Consul in Bradford, 1938
  • John Keogh, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Connecticut, 1916
  • James Vincent Keogh, American Democrat politician, U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, 1946-50; Justice of New York Supreme Court 2nd District, 1951-58
  • Eugene James Keogh (1907-1989), American Democrat politician, lawyer; Member of New York State Assembly from Kings County 20th District, 1936
  • Edward Keogh, American Democrat politician, Member of Wisconsin State Senate, 1862-63
  • Brooks Keogh, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from North Dakota, 1960
  • Eugene James Keogh (1907-1989), American politician, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 11th district (1963-1967)

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  1. Read, Charles Anderson. The Cabinet of Irish Literature Selections from the Works of the Chief Poets, Orators and Prose Writers of Ireland 4 Volumes. London: Blackie and Son, 1884. Print.
  2. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
  3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  4. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  5. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of Ireland. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1969. Print.
  6. Fitzgerald, Thomas W. Ireland and Her People A Library of Irish Biography 5 Volumes. Chicago: Fitzgerald. Print.
  7. Woodham-Smith, Cecil. The Great Hunger Ireland 1845-1849. New York: Old Town Books, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-385-3).
  8. Heraldic Scroll and Map of Family names and Origins of Ireland. Dublin: Mullins. Print.
  9. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  10. Land Owners in Ireland. Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1203-3).
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 12 March 2016 at 06:48.

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