Hartigan History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The spelling and overall form of Irish names tend to vary widely over time. The original Gaelic form of the name Hartigan is O hArtigain, which connotes a descendant of Art.

Early Origins of the Hartigan family

The surname Hartigan was first found in counties Clare and Limerick (Irish: Luimneach) located in Southwestern Ireland, in the province of Munster, where they held a family seat from ancient times.

One of the first records of the family was of Cineth O'Hartigan (died 975), an Irish poet from the north of Ireland, perhaps best known for his "Dinnsenchus," a work which relates the legendary history of the duns, lakes, plains and mountains of Ireland. It gives a prose account of each place, followed by an account in verse.

Important Dates for the Hartigan family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hartigan research. Another 80 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Hartigan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hartigan Spelling Variations

Irish names recorded during the Middle Ages are characterized by many spelling variations. This preponderance of variations for common names can be explained by the fact that the scribes and church officials that kept records during that period individually decided how to capture one's name. These recorders primarily based their decisions on how the name was pronounced or what it meant. Research into the name Hartigan revealed many variations, including Hartigan, O'Hartigan, Hartagan, Hartegan, Hartigon, Hartagon and many more.

Early Notables of the Hartigan family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Hartigan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Hartigan migration to the United States

Under the rule of England, land ownership in Ireland changed dramatically, and many native Irish families found themselves renting out land to farm from absentee owners. This was one of the prime reasons that immigration to North America began in the late 18th century: Irish farmers dreamed of owning their own parcel of land to work for themselves. At this point, the immigrants were at least of modest means for the passage across the Atlantic was often quite dear. In the 1840s the Great Potato Famine created an exodus of people of quite different means. These people were most often destitute: they either sold anything they had to gain a passage or they were sponsored by philanthropic societies. Many of these immigrants were sick from disease and starvation: as a result many did not survive the long transatlantic journey. Although those settlers that did survive were often despised and discriminated against by people already established in these nations, they were critical to rapid development of the powerful industrial nations of the United States and the country that would later become known as Canada. An examination of immigration and passenger lists shows many persons bearing the name of Hartigan or one of its variants:

Hartigan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Michael Hartigan, who arrived in Baltimore with his wife and five children in 1820
  • Thomas Hartigan, aged 22, who landed in New York in 1854 [1]
  • John Hartigan, who arrived in Mississippi in 1857 [1]
  • Patrick and Thomas Hartigan, who settled in Rencontre in 1871

Hartigan migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Hartigan Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Denis Hartigan, who settled in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1804 [2]
  • James, Michael, Patrick and Thomas Hartigan, who arrived in Canada in 1839
  • Miss. Mary Hartigan, aged 1 who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Nerio" departing 5th August 1847 from Limerick, Ireland; the ship arrived on 28th September 1847 but she died on board [3]
  • Michael Hartigan, who settled in Placentia, Newfoundland in 1871 [2]

Hartigan migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Hartigan Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Hartigan, aged 23, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Constance" [4]
  • Thomas Hartigan, aged 21, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Constance" [4]
  • Johanna Hartigan, aged 19, a house servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "David Malcolm" [5]
  • Jeremiah Hartigan, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Coromandel" [6]
  • Martin Hartigan, aged 24, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Coromandel" [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Hartigan migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Hartigan Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Hartigan, (b. 1852), aged 27, British settler travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Stad Haarlem" arriving in Lyttleton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 14th April 1879 [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Hartigan (post 1700)

  • Pat Hartigan (1881-1951), American actor and director who appeared in 72 films
  • John Patrick Hartigan (1887-1968), American jurist
  • Chad Hartigan (b. 1982), American filmmaker and actor
  • Rear Admiral Charles Conway Hartigan (1882-1944), American Naval officer awarded the Medal of Honor for actions at the United States occupation of Veracruz
  • Grace Hartigan (1922-2008), American abstract expressionist painter
  • Henry Hartigan VC (1826-1886), Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Bernie Hartigan (b. 1944), Irish hurler
  • Michael Joseph "Roger" Hartigan (1879-1958), Australian cricketer
  • Monsignor Patrick Joseph Hartigan (1878-1952), Australian Roman Catholic priest
  • Neil Hartigan (b. 1938), 40th Lieutenant Governor of Illinois
  • ... (Another 5 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  3. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 79)
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CONSTANCE 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Constance.htm
  5. ^ South Australian Register Wednesday 5th January 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) David Malcolm 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/davidmalcolm1854.shtml
  6. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 9th January 1855. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Coromandel 1855. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/coromandel1855.shtml
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
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