Commean History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The Commean family comes from the ancient Scottish Dalriadan clans of the mountainous west coast of Scotland. The name Commean is derived from a Breton personal name. Commean is a patronymic surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. This surname comes from a Breton personal name, which contained the first component, cam, which means bent or crooked. The name came to England with the Norman settlers after William the Conqueror's success at the Battle of Hastings. It was not long, however, before many members of the Commean family became dissatisfied with William's rule. In rebellion, many of them fled north, into Scotland, where they were granted lands by King Malcolm Canmore. In Scotland, this family settled in the county of Northumberland, beginning in 1070.
Early Origins of the Commean family
The surname Commean was first found in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire in England, in the 12th and 13th centuries. Robert of Comyn (Comines,) (died 1069) was a noble who accompanied William the Conqueror and was made Earl of Northumberland. "He so commended himself to the king by his military skill that he was chosen at the end of 1068 for the difficult task of reducing the north of England to obedience. William I conferred on him the earldom of Northumberland, vacant by the flight of Gospatric. Comin was the founder of the family of Comyn, many of whom played an important part in the history of Scotland." 
John Comyn (d. 1212), was Archbishop of Dublin and was in his early life a trusted official and chaplain of Henry II.
Later, John Comyn (Cumyn) (c. 1215-1275) was Lord of Badenoch in Scotland and justiciar of Galloway in 1258. He founded and started the construction of Blair Castle with a tower in 1269. He was nephew of Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan, Constable of Scotland, and of Walter Comyn, Earl of Mentieth.
Alexander Comyn, 2nd Earl of Buchan (d. 1289), was Constable of Scotland, "the son of William Comyn, Earl of Buchan, the founder of Deer Abbey, and of Marjory, his second wife, who brought the title into the Comyn family. " 
John Comyn the Elder (d. 1300?), of Badenoch, was 'claimant to the Scottish throne,' and was the second son of John Comyn, Justiciar of Galloway. His lordship of Badenoch came from his uncle, Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith. 
His son, John Comyn the younger (d. 1306), of Badenoch, surnamed The Red, was one of the competitors for the crown of Scotland in 1291. 
Important Dates for the Commean family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Commean research. Another 456 words (33 lines of text) covering the years 1124, 1153, 1133, 1302, 1296, 1306, 1274, 1300, 1289, 1258, 1289, 1275, 1289, 1263, 1266, 1264, 1266, 1286, 1289, 1150, 1212, 1180, 1212, 1189 and are included under the topic Early Commean History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Commean Spelling Variations
Translation in medieval times was an undeveloped science and was often carried out without due care. For this reason, many early Scottish names appeared radically altered when written in English. The spelling variations of Commean include Cumin, Cumins, Cumine, Cummin, Cummins, Cummine, Comings, Comins, Commin and many more.
Early Notables of the Commean family (pre 1700)
Notable among the family at this time was John Comyn (died 1274), was justiciar of Galloway, the son of Richard Comyn and nephew of the powerful Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith. His son John Comyn the Elder (died 1300), of Badenoch, 'claimant to the Scottish throne,' was the second son of John Comyn, justiciar of Galloway.
Alexander Comyn (d. 1289)...
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Commean Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Commean family to Ireland
Some of the Commean family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 142 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Commean family
The hardy Scots who made the crossing settled all along the east coast of North America and in the great west that was just then opening up. At the time of the American War of Independence, many United Empire Loyalists moved north from the American colonies to Canada. Scottish national heritage became better known in North America in the 20th century through highland games and other patriotic events. An examination of immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Commean arrived in North America very early: Elizabeth Comyngs, who settled in Plymouth, MA in 1620; George Cumming, who came to New Jersey in 1685; William Cumming, who arrived in Annapolis, MD in 1717.
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print