The origins of the great Scottish surname Bruis actually lie off of the British Isles, as Bruis (or Brus) was a name carried to England
in the great wave of migration from Normandy
following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Bruis family originally lived in Normandy
. The exact location of the place from which the family name is derived is under dispute, as one may expect of such a prominent name. The traditional interpretation is that the name is derived from the place-name Brix, in La Manche. It is argued, however, that there is no real evidence in support of this, and that the name is actually derived from the place-name Le Brus, in Calvados.
Early Origins of the Bruis family
The surname Bruis was first found in Yorkshire
where Robert de Bruis was granted ninety-four manors. His son Robert de Bruys traveled north with Earl David of Huntingdon
who later became King of Scotland
and was granted large estates in Annandale
about 1150. Robert de Bruys had two sons: Robert and William. Robert, who became known as Robert the Bruce, would later claim the crown of Scotland
and unite Scotland
against the English. He defeated the English army soundly in the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. As a result of this battle Scotland
gained its independence from England
as declared in the Treaty of Northampton
King Robert the Bruce died the next year at Cardross. Although he had instructed to one of his most trusted followers to bury his heart in the Holy Land, they were stopped in Spain and therefore returned to Scotland. His heart is buried at Melrose in Dunfermeline. The Earls of Elgin are descended from the Bruces of Clackmannan.
Early History of the Bruis family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bruis research.Another 128 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1318, 1274, 1329, 1548, 1611, 1550, 1625, 1599, 1663, 1629, 1681, 1700, 1679, 1686, 1688, 1669, 1735 and are included under the topic Early Bruis History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bruis Spelling Variations
of this family name include: Brywiss, Broyse, Bruce, Bruice, Bruise, Brus, Broys, Brywass, Brues, Brywess, Bruwes, Bruys, Bruze, Brwze, Brywes, Bruse, Braose, Bruis, Browse and many more.
Early Notables of the Bruis family (pre 1700)
Notable among the family at this time was Robert Bruce (1274-1329), King of Scotland. His body is buried in Dunfermline Abbey, while his heart is buried in Melrose Abbey. His embalmed heart was to be taken on crusade by his lieutenant and friend Sir James Douglas to the Holy Land but Douglas only made it as far as Granada, Spain
. Other notables include: Edward Bruce, 1st Lord Kinloss PC
(1548-1611), a Scottish lawyer and judge; Sir George Bruce of... Another 79 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bruis Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bruis family to Ireland
Some of the Bruis family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 50 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bruis family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Richard Bruce who landed in Virginia in 1650; Alexander Bruce who landed in Virginia in 1716; James Bruce who landed in South Carolina in 1716; Jane Bruce who arrived in Boston Massachusetts with her two children in 1767.
The Bruis Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: We have been
Bruis Family Crest Products