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Origins Available: English, Scottish


The ancient Scottish-English border region is the ancestral home of the name Baxter. It was first used by the Boernician people, and is a name for a female baker, who were known as "bakesters". With the continuing development of Old English, the word gradually came to be applied to both men and women.

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The surname Baxter was first found in Forfarshire part of the Tayside region of North Eastern Scotland, and present day Council Area of Angus, where they held a family seat from ancient times. Agnes Bakester of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.

In the many years before the invention of the printing press and the first dictionaries, names and other words were spelled according to sound, often differently with each person who wrote them. Spelling variations of Baxter include Baxter, Bakster, Baxster, Baxstair, Baxstare and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baxter research. Another 335 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1st , 1296, 1300, 1312, 1323, 1398, 1615, 1), , 1781, 1858, 1615, 1691, 1686, 1750, 1836, 1825 and 1890 are included under the topic Early Baxter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baxter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Baxter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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In many cases, the ancestors of many of these Boernician-Scottish people are just now learning of their Scottish heritage. Since the trip was so arduous, and many were fleeing from poverty itself, settlers brought little with them and often had nothing of their personal history to hand down to their children. Clan societies and highland games have helped to correct this problem in the 20th century. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Baxters to arrive on North American shores:

Baxter Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Gregory Baxter, who landed in Massachusetts in 1630
  • John Baxter, who landed in Maryland in 1633
  • Robert Baxter, aged 21, landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Jane Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636
  • William Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636
  • ...

Baxter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Richard Baxter, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Henry Baxter, a bonded passenger who arrived in Maryland in 1744
  • Barnaby Baxter, who settled in Maryland in 1774

Baxter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert Baxter, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • John, Baxter Jr., who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • George Baxter, who arrived in America in 1811
  • C Baxter, aged 26, landed in Maryland in 1813
  • Guillermo Baxter, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816
  • ...

Baxter Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Baxter, who landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mr. Elijah Baxter U.E who settled in Norton, Kings County, New Brunswick c. 1783 he died in 1852
  • Mr. George Baxter U.E who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783
  • Mr. Joseph Baxter U.E who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783
  • Capt. Simon Baxter U.E who settled in Canada c. 1783
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Baxter Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Kennedy Baxter, who arrived in Canada in 1820
  • William Baxter, aged 28, landed in Quebec in 1833
  • Mary Baxter, aged 18, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Protector" in 1834
  • William Baxter, aged 21, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • J Baxter, who arrived in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862

Baxter Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Henry Baxter, a weaver, arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • William Baxter, English convict from Northampton, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • Alexander Baxter arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839
  • George Baxter arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848
  • Thomas Baxter arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal George" in 1848
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Baxter Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • James Baxter arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864
  • D. Baxter arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Caduceus" in 1871
  • Jesse Baxter, aged 28, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Schiehallion" in 1872
  • Patrick Baxter, aged 32, a farm labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
  • J. Baxter arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1874
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  • Irving Baxter (1876-1957), American two time gold and three time silver Olympic medalist for long, high and triple jump as well as pole vault
  • Meredith Baxter (b. 1947), American television actress
  • Warner Baxter (1889-1951), American actor
  • William Giles Baxter (1856-1888), English (American-born) cartoonist
  • Anne Baxter (1923-1985), American actor nominated for an Academy Award for her role in All About Eve
  • James Phinney Baxter III (1893-1975), American educator and Pulitzer Prize winning historian, president of Williams College (1937-1961)
  • George Baxter, Scottish founder of Baxters, an international food company, based in Fochabers, Moray, Scotland in 1868
  • Jim Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish footballer
  • Stanley Baxter (b. 1928), Scottish actor
  • James Curran Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish soccer player
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Baxter Historic Events



Empress of Ireland

  • Mr. George R. Baxter, British Musician from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914
  • Miss Annie May Baxter (1901-1914), Canadian Second Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914

Halifax Explosion

  • Ms. Jennie M. Baxter (1872-1917), Canadian resident from Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917

HMS Hood

  • Mr. John K Baxter (b. 1922), English Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Leeds, Yorkshire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Thomas Baxter, British Stoker 1st Class, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Sidney Baxter, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking
  • Mr. Cyril Baxter, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died during the sinking
  • Mr. Arthur L Baxter, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. William Baxter, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
  • Master William Baxter, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
  • Mrs. Annie E. Baxter, (née Ripley), Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Welland, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. Harry Ross Baxter (d. 1912), aged 51, English Third Class Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
  • Mr. Thomas Ferguson Baxter (d. 1912), aged 48, English Linen Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett
  • Mrs. Hélène Baxter, (née de Lanaudière-Chaput), aged 50, Canadian First Class passenger from Montreal, Quebec who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 6
  • Mr. Quigg Edmond Baxter (d. 1912), aged 24, Canadian First Class passenger from Montreal, Quebec who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
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  • Ancestors and Descendants of Jonathan Burris and Mary Jemima Boardman, with Allied Families (including the Baxter Family).
  • Baxter-Short, Miller-Gill and Related Families by Mary Cynthia Baxter Harrell.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vincit veritas
Motto Translation: Truth conquers.

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Citations



    Other References

    1. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    2. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
    3. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
    4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    5. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    6. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    7. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
    8. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
    9. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
    10. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    11. ...

    The Baxter Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Baxter Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 4 July 2016 at 04:36.

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