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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, Scottish


The ancient Scottish-English border region is the ancestral home of the name Baxter. It was first used by the Boernician people, and is a name for a female baker, who were known as "bakesters". With the continuing development of Old English, the word gradually came to be applied to both men and women.

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The surname Baxter was first found in Forfarshire part of the Tayside region of North Eastern Scotland, and present day Council Area of Angus, where they held a family seat from ancient times. Agnes Bakester of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.

In the many years before the invention of the printing press and the first dictionaries, names and other words were spelled according to sound, often differently with each person who wrote them. Spelling variations of Baxter include Baxter, Bakster, Baxster, Baxstair, Baxstare and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baxter research. Another 335 words (24 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1st , 1296, 1300, 1312, 1323, 1398, 1615, 1), , 1781, 1858, 1615, 1691, 1686, 1750, 1836, 1825 and 1890 are included under the topic Early Baxter History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 75 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baxter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Baxter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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In many cases, the ancestors of many of these Boernician-Scottish people are just now learning of their Scottish heritage. Since the trip was so arduous, and many were fleeing from poverty itself, settlers brought little with them and often had nothing of their personal history to hand down to their children. Clan societies and highland games have helped to correct this problem in the 20th century. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Baxters to arrive on North American shores:

Baxter Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Gregory Baxter, who landed in Massachusetts in 1630
  • John Baxter, who landed in Maryland in 1633
  • Robt Baxter, aged 21, landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Jane Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636
  • Wm Baxter, who landed in Virginia in 1636


Baxter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Richd Baxter, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Henry Baxter, a bonded passenger who arrived in Maryland in 1744
  • Barnaby Baxter, who settled in Maryland in 1774

Baxter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Robert Baxter, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • John, Baxter Jr., who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
  • George Baxter, who arrived in America in 1811
  • C Baxter, aged 26, landed in Maryland in 1813
  • Guillermo Baxter, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816


Baxter Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Mr. Elijah Baxter U.E who settled in Norton, Kings County, New Brunswick c. 1783 he died in 1852
  • Mr. George Baxter U.E who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783
  • Mr. Joseph Baxter U.E who settled in New Brunswick c. 1783
  • Capt. Simon Baxter U.E who settled in Canada c. 1783
  • Mr. Simon Baxter U.E born in New Hampshire, USA who settled in Norton, Kings County, New Brunswick c. 1783


Baxter Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Kennedy Baxter, who arrived in Canada in 1820
  • Mary Baxter, aged 18, arrived in St. John aboard the ship "Protector" in 1834
  • William Baxter, aged 21, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • J Baxter, who arrived in Victoria, British Columbia in 1862

Baxter Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Henry Baxter, a weaver, arrived in Van Diemenís Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • William Baxter, English convict from Northampton, who was transported aboard the "Argyle" on March 5th, 1831, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • Alexander Baxter arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Indus" in 1839
  • George Baxter arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848
  • Thomas Baxter arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal George" in 1848


Baxter Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • James Baxter arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864
  • D. Baxter arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Caduceus" in 1871
  • Jesse Baxter, aged 28, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Schiehallion" in 1872
  • Patrick Baxter, aged 32, a farm labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874
  • J. Baxter arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1874


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  • Irving Baxter (1876-1957), American two time gold and three time silver Olympic medalist for long, high and triple jump as well as pole vault
  • Meredith Baxter (b. 1947), American television actress
  • Warner Baxter (1889-1951), American actor
  • William Giles Baxter (1856-1888), English (American-born) cartoonist
  • Anne Baxter (1923-1985), American actor nominated for an Academy Award for her role in All About Eve
  • James Phinney Baxter III (1893-1975), American educator and Pulitzer Prize winning historian, president of Williams College (1937-1961)
  • George Baxter, Scottish founder of Baxters, an international food company, based in Fochabers, Moray, Scotland in 1868
  • Jim Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish footballer
  • Stanley Baxter (b. 1928), Scottish actor
  • James Curran Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish soccer player

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  • Ancestors and Descendants of Jonathan Burris and Mary Jemima Boardman, with Allied Families (including the Baxter Family).
  • Baxter-Short, Miller-Gill and Related Families by Mary Cynthia Baxter Harrell.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vincit veritas
Motto Translation: Truth conquers.

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  1. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  2. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  3. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  4. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  6. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
  9. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  10. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  11. ...

The Baxter Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Baxter Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 12 March 2016 at 20:56.

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