Auckland History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The name Auckland first arose amongst the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is derived from their having lived in or near a prominent grove of oak trees. The name Auckland literally means oak-land. The branch of the family that originated in Devon is said to have been named for a particular grove near their seat at Acland Barton in Landkey.
"Akland, in Landkey, near Barnstaple, is the first seat of the Acland family, and has been held by them from the twelfth century." 
Early Origins of the Auckland family
The surname Auckland was first found in Devon, where "Acland, which gave name to this ancient family, is now a farm in the parish of Landkey." 
"Acland, or rather Aukeland, as taking name from a grove of oaks, for by such an one the house is seated, and hath given name and long habitation to the clarous family of Aclands, which have many ages here flourished in a worshipful degree." 
Hugh de Accalen is the first recorded ancestor in 1155. The aforementioned farm still exists and is about 3/4 mile north-east of the village of Landkey. "The ancient family of Acland for nearly three centuries have made their home in the vicinity of Exeter. Sir John Acland was the builder of the house at Columbjohn, which gave title to the baronetcy at its creation in 1644, and which was garrisoned by its owner for the King. At one time it contained the only Royalist garrison in the county; but in March, 1646, it was the headquarters of Sir Thomas Fairfax. This mansion has been destroyed, and the present seat of the Aclands is at Killerton, in the same parish of Broad Clyst. Originally built in the year 1788, Killerton was greatly enlarged and improved by its late owner, Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, to whom the distinguished honour was paid of the erection of a statue on Northernhay, Exeter, in his lifetime, ' as a tribute for private worth and public integrity, and in testimony of admiration of a generous heart and open hand, which have been ever ready to protect the weak, to relieve the needy, and to succour the oppressed of whatever party, race, or creed.' The Aclands take their second name of Dyke as representatives of the old Somersetshire family of that name." 
Some of the family were found in Cornwall. "The manor of Crugantarran, or Cragantallan, which is partly in this parish and partly in Newlyn, belonged to the Arundells of Trerice. It is now the property of Sir Thomas Dyke Ackland, bart." 
Early History of the Auckland family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Auckland research. Another 142 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1155, 1644, 1553, 1613, 1626, 1591, 1647, 1573, 1610, 1649, 1636, 1655, 1672, 1714, 1697, 1728, 1722, 1785, 1714, and 1818 are included under the topic Early Auckland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Auckland Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Auckland has appeared include Acland, Aukland, Aclands, Ackland, Acklands and many more.
Early Notables of the Auckland family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include John VI Acland (died 1553) who was described as "the first of the (Acland) family to emerge from the shadows of history as a visible human being."
Sir John Acland (d. 1613), was the second son of John Acland, of Acland in Landkey, Devonshire. "From his mother he obtained considerable landed property in the neighbourhood of London, and increased his fortune by marrying Elizabeth, the daughter of George Rolle, of Stevenston, in Devon, and the widow of Robert Mallet, of Woolleigh in the same county. " 
Anthony Acland (died 1626), was an English...
Another 137 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Auckland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Auckland migration to the United States +
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Auckland arrived in North America very early:
Auckland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- A Auckland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 
Auckland migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Auckland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Mrs. Jane Anne Auckland, (b. 1828), aged 30, English settler from Nottinghamshire travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st September 1858 
- Mr. John Auckland, (b. 1832), aged 26, English carpenter from Nottinghamshire travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Zealandia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st September 1858 
Contemporary Notables of the name Auckland (post 1700) +
- Sir Auckland Colvin KCSI KCMG CIE (1838-1908), British Empire administrator, Lieutenant-Governor of the North-West Provinces, India, founder of Colvin Taluqdars' College in Lucknow
- Sir Auckland Campbell Geddes (1879-1954), British politician and diplomat, 1st Baron Geddes of Rolvenden, County Kent
Related Stories +
The Auckland Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: Unshaken.
- ^ Worth, R.N., A History of Devonshire London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G., 1895. Digital
- ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
- ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html