The name Underwode first arose amongst the Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. It is derived from their having lived in a forest, below a forest on a hillside, or in either of the settlements called Underwood in Derbyshire
. The surname Underwode belongs to both the category of habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads, and the class of topographic
surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees.
Early Origins of the Underwode family
The surname Underwode was first found in Derbyshire
at Underwood, a liberty, in the parish of Ashbourn, hundred
of Wirksworth. Underwood is also a hamlet, in the parish of Selston, union of Basford in Nottinghamshire
, but it is the former from where the family originated. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
Literally the place names mean "place within or near a wood," from the Old English "under" + "wudu." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
However, we must look to Suffolk for the first records of the surname for it is there in 1188 William de Underwode was found. A few years later in Yorkshire, William Underwude de Clokton was listed in the Assize Rolls of 1219. William Under the Wode was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Staffordshire in 1332. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 had two listings: John Underwode in Oxfordshire; and Hugh Underwod in Cambridgeshire. Robertus Vndrewode was listed in a Latin form of then name in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Underwode family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Underwode research.Another 196 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 163 and 1632 are included under the topic Early Underwode History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Underwode Spelling Variations
One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations
under which the name Underwode has appeared include Underwood, Underwoode and others.
Early Notables of the Underwode family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Underwode Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Underwode family to Ireland
Some of the Underwode family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Underwode family to the New World and Oceana
At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England
was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England
at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Underwode arrived in North America very early: James Underwood settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1630; Giles Underwood settled in Virginia in 1663; Martin Underwood and his wife Martha settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1634.
The Underwode Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Omnes arbusta juvant
Motto Translation: Groves (Underwood) delight all men.